English and Arabic Idioms

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The Art of Speech-Arabic Idioms Chapter
Arabic-English dictionary for idioms, proverbs, politeness expressions, religious and Islamic expressions, slang and comparative spoken-written Arabic vocabulary.

 

The Arabic Idioms
Written by Hussein Maxos

Arabic for non-natives series by Hussein Maxos©, Damascus 1995-2003.

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Index
• Introduction…………………………………………….page 3 • Symbols and abbreviations………………………………. 6 • Section ‫6 .……………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻷﻟﻒ ا‬ • Section ‫71 ……………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﺒﺎء ب‬ • Section ‫32 ……………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﺘﺎء ت‬ • Section ‫42 ……………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﺠﻴﻢ ج‬ • Section ‫62 ……………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﺤﺎء ح‬ • Section ‫92 ……………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﺨﺎء خ‬ • Section ‫13 .……………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﺪال د‬ • Section ‫33 ………………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﺬال ذ‬ • Section ‫43 .……………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﺮاء ر‬ • Section ‫73 .……………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﺰاي ز‬ • Section ‫83 ..…………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﺴﻴﻦ س‬ • Section ‫44 ..…………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﺸﻴﻦ ش‬ • Section ‫44 …………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﺼﺎد ص‬ • Section ‫54 ….………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﻀﺎد ض‬ • Section ‫74 ….…………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﻄﺎء ط‬ • Section ‫05 ……………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﻌﻴﻦ ع‬ • Section ‫95 ….…………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﻐﻴﻦ غ‬ • Section ‫06 .……………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﻔﺎء ف‬ • Section ‫26 .……………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﻘﺎف ق‬ • Section ‫46 ……………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﻜﺎف ك‬ • Section ‫86 ...……………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﻼم ل‬ • Section ‫27 ………………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﻤﻴﻢ م‬ • Section ‫97 ..……………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﻨﻮن ن‬ • Section ‫08 ..……………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﻬﺎء هـ‬ • Section ‫18 ...……………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﻮاو و‬ • Section ‫38… ..…………………………………ﺣﺮف اﻟﻴﺎء ي‬ • References……………………………………………

2

Introduction The introduction is given in questions and answers style. They include: • What is the idiom? • How were the idioms collected? • Why were only the commons idioms chosen? • How were the idioms arranged and classified? • Why were both spoken and written put together? • How the idioms were explained? • What kind of synonyms and why? • What is the alternative-similar form? • Why the literal translation? • Several kinds of idioms and how? • How to use this book • How to recognize the idiom in a conversation or a text

3

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------• What is an idiom? An idiom is an artistic expression of the language. Usually, the individual meanings of its components is different from its literal meaning. By contrast, ordinary language is logical or even mathematical (he studied for five years, ‫ .)درس ﻟﻤﺪة ﺧﻤﺲ ﺳﻨﻮات‬Idiomatic expressions are colorful, dramatic, lively, closer to the way people really feel, and closer to the local culture.

• How the idioms were collected? (pearl diving)
Unlike Arabic proverbs, where there is an existing public interest, such as books, dictionaries and lexicons, there were not ready-made sources available for collecting idioms. Therefore, it took several years to collect thousands of idioms mainly from two sources. First, live sources such as TV, radios programs and movies and directly from daily interaction. Secondly, written sources, such as newspapers, magazines, novels and books.

Why were only the commons idioms chosen? (unusual in Arabic!) Naturally, the more common the expression is in Syria and the Arab world, the more useful it is, particularly to a non-native reader. In contrast, the proverbs listed in lexicons, radio, TV newspapers and magazines include a considerable number of archaic proverbs, because these are commonly presented for educational purposes to Arabic native speakers who are already familiar with common and local proverbs. To simplify the task of the non-native learner of Arabic, only about sixteen hundred idioms were chosen (from several thousands). More idioms may be added in future editions.

• How the idioms were arranged and classified?
Alphabetical order was chosen. As for the idioms that have more than one common form, they were listed under different letters. The first word of the idiom normally determines in what section the...
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