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PART I INTRODUCTION6
I. GENERAL NOTES ON STYLE AND Stylistics6
2. EXPRESSIVE MEANS (EM) AND STYLISTIC DEVICES (SD)21
3. GENERAL NOTES ON FUNCTIONAL STYLES OF LANGUAGE28
4. VARIETIES OF LANGUAGE30
5. A BRIEF OUTLINE OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENGLISH LITERARY (STANDARD) LANGUAGE36 6. MEANING FROM A STYLISTIC POINT OF VIEW51
PART II STYLISTIC CLASSIFICATION OF THE ENGLISH VOCABULARY63 I. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS63
2. NEUTRAL, COMMON LITERARY AND COMMON COLLOQUIAL VOCABULARY64 3. SPECIAL LITERARY VOCABULARY68
a) Terms68
b) Poetic and Highly Literary Words71
c) Archaic, Obsolescent and Obsolete Words74
d) Barbarisms and Foreignisms78
e) Literary Coinages (Including Nonce-Words)83
4. SPECIAL COLLOQUIAL VOCABULARY95
a) Slang95
b) Jargonisms100
c) Professionalisms103
d) Dialectal words106
e) Vulgar words or vulgarisms108
f) Colloquial coinages (words and meanings)109
PART Ш PHONETIC EXPRESSIVE MEANS AND STYLISTIC DEVICES112
GENERAL NOTES112
Onomatopoeia113
Alliteration114
Rhyme116
Rhythm117
PART IV LEXICAL EXPRESSIVE MEANS AND STYLISTIC DEVICES123
A. INTENTIONAL MIXING OF THE STYLISTIC ASPECT OF WORDS123
B. INTERACTION OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF LEXICAL MEANING125
1. INTERACTION OF PRIMARY DICTIONARY AND CONTEXTUALLY IMPOSED MEANINGS126 Metaphor126
Metonymy131
Irony133
3. INTERACTION OF LOGICAL AND EMOTIVE MEANINGS139
Interjections and Exclamatory Words140
The Epithet143
Oxymoron148
4. INTERACTION OF LOGICAL AND NOMINAL MEANINGS Antonomasia150 Antonomasia150
C. INTENSIFICATION OF A CERTAIN FEATURE OF A THING OR PHENOMENON152 Simile152
Periphrasis154
Euphemism158
Hyperbole161
D. PECULIAR USE OF SET EXPRESSIONS161
The Cliche162
Proverbs and Sayings165
Epigrams168
Allusions171
Decomposition of Set Phrases173
PART V SYNTACTICAL EXPRESSIVE MEANS AND STYLISTIC DEVICES174 A. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS174
B. PROBLEMS CONCERNING THE COMPOSITION OF SPANS OF UTTERANCE LARGER THAN THE SENTENCE176 Supra-Phrasal Units177
The Paragraph181
C. COMPOSITIONAL PATTERNS OF SYNTACTICAL ARRANGEMENT185
Stylistic Inversion186
Detached Construction188
Parallel Construction190
Chiasmus (Reversed Parallel Construction)191
Repetition193
Enumeration197
Suspense199
Climax (Gradation)200
Antithesis202
D. PARTICULAR WAYS OF COMBINING PARTS OF THE UTTERANCE (LINKAGE)205 Polysyndeton207
The Gap- Sentence Link208
E. PARTICULAR USE OF COLLOQUIAL CONSTRUCTIONS210
Ellipsis211
Break-in-the-Narrative (Appsiopesis)213
Question-in-the-Narrative214
Represented Speech216
a) Uttered Represented Speech217
b) Unuttered or Inner Represented Speech220
F. STYLISTIC USE OF STRUCTURAL MEANING223
Rhetorical Questions223
Litotes225
PART VI FUNCTIONAL STYLES OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE227
INTRODUCTORY REMARKS227
A. THE BELLES-LETTRES STYLE228
1. LANGUAGE OF POETRY230
a) Compositional Patterns of Rhythmical Arrangement230
Metre and Line230
The Stanza235
Free Verse and Accented Verse238
b) Lexical and Syntactical Features of Verse241
2. EMOTIVE PROSE246
3. LANGUAGE OF THE DRAMA257
B. PUBLICISTS STYLE262
1. ORATORY AND SPEECHES263
2. THE ESSAY267
3. JOURNALISTIC ARTICLES269
C. NEWSPAPER STYLE270
1. BRIEF NEWS ITEMS272
2. ADVERTISEMENTS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS275
3. THE HEADLINE277
4. THE EDITORIAL279
D. SCIENTIFIC PROSE STYLE281
E. THE STYLE OF OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS286
FINAL REMARKS291

. Introduction
1. General Notes on Style and Stylistics . . 7 ............ 9 2. Expressive Means (EM) and Stylistic Devices (SD) .......... 25 3. General Notes on Functional Styles of Language ...... '. . . . 32 4. Varieties of Language ” t ................... 35

5. A Brief Outline of the Development of the English Literary (Standard) Language t * t ^ t ......................... 41
6. Meaning from a Stylistic Point of View .............. 57
Part II. Stylistic Classification of the English...
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