On 20 January 1948, Previous assassinations on Gandhi had resulted by Madanlal Pahwa, Shankar Kistaiya, Digambar Badge, Vishnu Karkare, Gopal Godse, Nathuram Godse, and Narayan Apte, but the only one who succeeded was Nathuram Godse.
January 30, 1948 was the day Gandhi was murdered outside on the steps of a building where a prayer meeting was going to take place. He was surrounded by a part of his family and some followers when three gunshots killed him, approaching him during the evening prayer, bowing, and shot him three times at close range.
Nathuram was then caught and later hanged, although Gandhi's family insisted that Gandhi would not wanted the man to be harmed.
Nathuram Godse’s motives of killing Gandhi is because he was a member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh or RSS (National Volunteers' Organisation in English) that was and is a hardline Hindu nationalist group that believes India only belongs to Hindus and they felt that Gandhi was getting in their way to take over India.
The direct motive for the assassination is usually recognized to Gandhi's January 13, 1948 decision to fast to the death unless the Indian central government reversed a decision to withhold the transfer of 55 crore (550 million) rupees to the government of Pakistan. The transfer had been specified in the partition agreement, but the Indian government had refused to complete it, complaining of continued Pakistani rebel occupation of disputed parts of Kashmir. The Indian government immediately reversed its decision to withhold the funds, which infuriated Godse and his fellow Hindu radicals.
It is far from clear whether or not the decision to assassinate Gandhi was taken by Godse alone, or whether he had consulted with other Mahasabha members, or even received their help in carrying out the assassination. The Mahasabha resolutely denied all complicity, and Godse took full responsibility. However,...