AUTOMATION IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
(a) List the Major Equipments Used In Construction Work
2) Semi Automatic
3) Fully Automatic OR Robotics
(b) Identify the automation at different stages of construction.
WHAT DOES AUTOMATION MEAN?
► The term automation refers to the phenomenon where a job is performed without the help of any human interference. ► Automation means performing a particular task with the help of machines. ► Automation has always proved to be an effective idea for most of the industries and companies, which deal with production of capital and consumer goods. Any type of production is readily facilitated by automation. AUTOMATION IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY:
► Basically automation in construction means to the use of Information Technologies in Design, Engineering, Construction Technologies, and Maintenance and Management of Constructed Facilities. ► It is to reduce the need for human work and to save the time in the construction area. ► Even maintenance and control of building structures are done with the help of automation industry. ► Level of automation in construction industry is totally based on the country’s economic structure, utilized technologies, building materials used etc. Advantages of automation in construction industry:
► Automation helps in saving the labour of the workers and thus it also saves a lot of time for the worker who can be then directed to some other work process. ► The Automation is also a money efficient way for construction puposes. ► Performing tasks that are beyond human capabilities of size, weight, speed, endurance, etc. ► Automatic machines are skilled to give more unifom and accurate results. ► The key advantage of automation is to improve the productivity.
DISADVANTAGES OF AUTOMATION IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY:
► There is limited technology. Current technology is unable to automate all the desired tasks. ► Highly expensive. The automation of a new product or plant requires a huge initial investment in comparison with the unit cost of the product. ► A main disadvantage often associated with automation, worker displacement.
EQUIPMENTS USED FOR CONSTRUCTION PURPOSES, CAN BE OF THREE TYPES: 1.) Conventional.
3.) Fully-Automatic or Robotics
► These are the machines which are fully human operated.
►These are considerd as Human-powered as it uses human muscle power only.
► Modern technology has allowed machines to enhance human-power. This increases the load of heavy labour and because of that time period of completing the project increases including all these problems there is one major problem regarding safety. ► Using such a heavy labour can create a hazardous problem for labours.
► Semi-Automatation is something, when some processes in construction of a building structure are done by people but other processes are still performed by machines. ► This increases productivity by allowing people to do the more complicated tasks not able to be performed by machines and vice versa.
► CRANES are semi automatic equipment used in construction. ▪ A crane is a lifting machine, generally equipped with a winder (also called a wire rope drum), wire ropes or chains and sheaves, that can be used both to lift and lower materials and to move them horizontally. ▪ It uses one or more simple machines to create mechanical advantage and thus move loads beyond the normal capability of a human.
FULLY AUTOMATIC OR ROBOTICS:
► Full automation refers to the complete usage of artificial intelligence. ► Full automation has been a major tool in the transformation of the automation industry from its primitive phase to the level where there has been a complete computerisation of the various construction purposes. ROBOTICS:
► Robotics has been implicated into various fields such as automation construction machine handling, automatic...