engineering

Topics: Manufacturing, Occupational safety and health, Industry Pages: 4 (1105 words) Published: September 29, 2014
ASSIGNMENT 2: ROBOTS

In this report I will write in detail about the uses and operations of industrial robots, flexible manufacturing systems, productivity loading and unloading systems and coordinated work schedules. I will show the benefits and disadvantages of the above and evaluate the consequences of such practices. First of all robots have many applications such as: assembling products, handle dangerous material, spray finishes on, inspect parts/produce/livestock and cut/polish products. Robots are also used to do tasks that are too dull, dirty, or dangerous for humans. Industrial robots used in manufacturing lines used to be the most common form of robots, but that has recently been replaced by consumer robots cleaning floors and mowing lawns. The advantages of Industrial Robots are: •Quality - Robots have the capacity to drastically improve product quality when compared to humans. Applications are performed with precision and mass repeatability every time. This level of consistency can be hard to achieve any other way. •Production - With robots speeds increase, which directly increases the rate of production. Because robots have the ability to work at a constant speed without pausing for breaks, sleep, holidays, they have the potential to produce more than a human worker. •Safety - Robots increase workplace safety as they’re less likely to cause accidents. Workers are moved to other roles, so they no longer have to perform dangerous applications in hazardous settings. •Savings - Greater worker safety leads to financial savings. There are fewer healthcare and insurance concerns for employers. Robots also offer tireless performance which saves valuable time. Their movements are always exact, so less material is wasted resulting in the company being much more efficient. There are also limitations to industrial robots which include: •Expenses - The starting investment in robots is big and expensive. The cost of automation should be calculated by the...
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