Engineering

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Roles & Professionalism
By
Ezer Yeboah-Boateng
1Quote of the Week??//**
 Working together for the common good
of society…
2Outline
Introduction
Roles of Engineers
Engineers & the Environment
Engineers as Professionals
Engineers Today
3Books & Resources
 Engineering & Social Justice, by Donna Riley, 2008; Morgan & Claypool Publishers.
 Bridging the Gap Between Engineering & the Global
World: A Case Study of the Coconut (Coir) Fiber
Industry in Kerala, India, by Shobha K. Bhatia &
Jennifer L. Smith, 2008; Morgan & Claypool
Publishers.
45
Learning Outcomes
 To explain the various roles that engineers play in
society;
 To appreciate the professionalism of engineers in
contributing to society.
 To position engineers to be proactive in meeting societal needs.Introduction
How do people perceive engineers?
6Introduction
 Whatever the popular perception of an engineer, this
lesson will focus on different roles of, and played by,
engineers.
 Not exactly life overwhelmed by:
 calculations,
 designs (structural, hydrological, chips, fuzzy systems & control; cyber-security, etc.),
 drawings,
 Analysis,
 supervision of construction etc.
7Introduction
 Life as an engineer is more than this, and sometime he
plays roles which on first impression are not linked to
their professional training.
 It is stressed that the training received as an engineer is part of the reasons which an engineer can display his
versatility.
The Engineer is versatile!
8Roles of Engineers
Various roles played by engineers include:
 Managers
 Scientists
 Experts
 Politicians
 Academics
 Others
9Roles of Engineers
Engineers as Managers
 Who is a manager?
 Someone who plans, organizes, coordinates, controls, executes, and achieves the objectives that are entrusted upon him.
 Career progression
 Are engineers good managers?
 E.g. Alfred Sloan of General Motors – electrical engineer 10Roles of Engineers
Engineers as Managers
 The management gurus: many of them were trained as engineers!  Michael E Porter – “competitive advantage” –
aeronautical/mechanical engineer
 W. Edward Deming – “quality” - electrical engineer  Joseph Juran – “quality” – electrical engineer
 Henry Mintzberg – “strategic management” – mechanical engineer
 Tom Peters – “Excellence” – civil engineer
 F.W. Taylor – “scientific management”, “time motion study” – mechanical engineer (?)
 Henry Fayol – “Industrial management” – mining engineer  Henry Gantt – “Gantt chart” – mechanical engineer 11Roles of Engineers
Engineers as Scientists
 Science and engineering are interlinked; it would not be wrong to say that engineering is applied science. (Science is the theoretical foundation of engineering?)
 Paul Dirac – 1933 Nobel Prize Winner in Physics – trained as an electrical engineer
12Roles of Engineers
Engineers as experts
 E.g. Giving expert opinions in court as to what could have been the cause(s) of the issues in dispute: Highland Tower
tragedy, Dingo baby case;
 Melcom Achimota building disaster
 Forensic study
13Roles of Engineers
Engineers as politicians
 Almost the entire Chinese leadership are engineers!
 Hu Jintao, fmr. Chinese Prez – Hydraulic engineer
 Boris Yelsin, fmr. Russian President – civil engineer
 Prof. De Graft Johnson, fmr. V.P., Ghana (1979-81) – civil engineer
 Aliu Mahama, fmr. V.P., Ghana (2001-09) – building tech 14Roles of Engineers
Engineers in Politics:
Picture of the world
politicians….
15Roles of Engineers
Engineers as academics
 Need I say more?
16Roles of Engineers
Others
 Engineers as salesmen
 Engineers as entrepreneurs
 Engineers as lawyers?
 Engineers as Reverends or Pastors
 Etc.
17Engineers & the Environment
 Engineers don’t operate in a vacuum:
 They are part and parcel of the society;
 They exist to meet the needs of society;
 They...
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