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ENVIRONMENTAL GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS FOR THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY IN NIGERIA (EGASPIN)

ISSUED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF PETROLEUM RESOURCES LAGOS 1991

REVISED EDITION 2002

ENVIRONMENTAL GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS FOR THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY IN NIGERIA (EGASPIN)

ISSUED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF PETROLEUM RESOURCES LAGOS 1991 REVISED EDITION 2002

Copyright This document is the property of the Department of Petroleum Resources, and the copyright therein is vested in Department of Petroleum Resources, Nigeria. All rights reserved. Neither the whole nor any part of this document may be reproduced, stored in retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means (electronic, mechanical, reprographic recording or otherwise) without prior written consent of the copyright owner.

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FOREWORD

As one of its statutory functions, the Department of Petroleum Resources is required to ensure that petroleum industry operators do not degrade the environment in the course of their operations. To effectively carry out these regulatory activities, the Department has been developing environmental guidelines and standards since 1981. These cover the control of the pollutants from the various petroleum exploration, production and processing operations. This publication is an update of these, guidelines and standards in light of the advancements in the current treatment and pollution control technology. It covers environmental control of various petroleum activities in Nigeria, including exploration, production, terminal operations, hydrocarbon processing plants, oil and gas transportation and marketing. It includes where applicable, a discussion of the sources and characteristics of gaseous, liquid and solid wastes generated, principal control methods and effluent limitation and standards. It is the intention of the Department of Petroleum Resources to update this publication periodically as new knowledge becomes available

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PROFESSOR JUBRIL AMINU

1.1.1 HONOURABLE MINISTER OF PETROLEUM RESOURCE

PART I. 1.

1NTR0DUCT10N

The Petroleum Industry is a complex combination of interdependent operations, including exploration and production operations, the processing of the crude into consumer products, transportation and marketing activities. At each stage of operations, gaseous, liquid and solid waste materials are produced and discharged. These can adversely affect the air, water and soil media if not properly discharged and controlled. Pollution control regulations in the oil and gas operations are governed by the Principal legislation of Petroleum Act 1969. The regulations are made pursuant to section 8(i)b (iii) of the Petroleum Act 1969 which empowers the Minister of Petroleum Resources to make regulations for the prevention of pollution of water courses and the atmosphere. Some of the specific regulations include: the Petroleum (Drilling and Production) Regulations 1969, Sections 25 and 36; the Mineral Oils (Safety) Regulation, 1963, Part III Section 7 and Part IV Sections 44 and 45; the Petroleum Regulations 1967; the Oil in Navigable Waters Decree NO.34/Regulations 1968; the Oil Pipeline Ordinance Cap 145 of 1956 as amended by the Oil Pipeline Act 1965, Section 17(3) and; the Petroleum Refining Regulations 1974, Section 43. Authority exists within these Decrees and Regulations, to issue licences/permits and establish guidelines, standards and procedures for environmental control. Consequently, because of growing concern for adverse environmental impacts or damages arising from oil related pollution, the Department of Petroleum Resources in 1981 issued interim Guidelines concerning the monitoring, handling, treatment, and disposal of effluents, oil spills and chemicals, drilling muds and drill cuttings by leasees/oil operators. Tentative allowable limits of waste discharges into fresh water, coastal water, and offshore areas of operations were established.

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4. The objectives of these Environmental...
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