Sometimes Gladness x 3 Poems
+ Additional Texts - Road to Paradise + The Gruen Transfer
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Dialogue can be defined as an attempt by the writers to mimic spoken language, by using written language features to represent verbal language features. Dialogue can be direct, which is verbal, or indirect, which is shown through thoughts, non spoken, in novels or poems. Poem 1- Outline & LFs in ‘Up the Wall’
Bruce Dawe’s poems, from Sometimes Gladness, are a commentary of Australian life, from 1954 to 1978. • Dawe’s ‘Up the wall’, from Sometimes Gladness is structured into the traditional form of a sonnet. This is ironic, as the traditional form of sonnets are love songs, whereas this is in sharp contrast to a love song, as it is full of hate and dread. • The specific purpose of this piece is to show the contrasting views or perspectives of the husband and wife, and how their different views create a gulf to emerge between them in their daily lives, shown through dialogue that isn’t in the form of a conversation. • LFS: This is demonstrated in the metaphor, repetition, and sarcasm.
LF – Metaphor
• What is the LF - Firstly, Bruce Dawe attempts to represent the woman’s feeling of being irritated and annoyed, through the metaphor, “children carve up the mind”.
• What does it do -This is a violent image implying that they are eating, digging into her mind, aggressively nagging and cutting up her mind with loud, messy noise. • It also implies a surgical procedure, as her life has been reduced to nothing. .
LF – Repetition
• What is the LF - In the second stanza, “She says” is repeated three times, representing a persistent nagging and a constant repetitiveness in her life.
• What does it do -This dialogue gives the audience a dramatic closeness to the miserable and desperate situation the woman is in.
• This stanza is a turning point in the poem, as the first half is from the woman’s perspective. At this point the spotlight turns to the man, with him representing his impression of what his wife says. • The man having the last say is an important aspect, as the woman, who is the main character and the main voice throughout the poem, does not have the last say in the piece, as her voice is invalidated by his. It shows no conclusion, or answer to the problem has been amounted to, but the man speaks last, emphasizing that he has the last word.
LF – Sarcasm
• What is the LF - In the final stanza, the husband, perhaps at the pub with his mates, with direct speech says sarcastically “It’s a quiet neighborhood…almost too quiet”.
• What does it do -This sarcasm conveys to the audience that the man resists his moral obligations to his wife, reflecting his relationship with her, and his feelings towards the situation. • This sarcasm could also be interpreted as a contrast in perspectives. The woman’s life is full of noise, while he doesn’t understand his wife’s life, and doesn’t listen to her.
• Throughout the poem, the husband and wife’s dialogue never occurs in a conversation between the couple, but is always them talking to us, or to themselves, but never directly interacting, resulting in a physical and emotional gulf in-between them. Conclude ‘Up the Wall’
In summary, ‘Up the Wall’ …answer question…dialogue doesn’t always equal conversation, which is done through metaphor, repetition, and sarcasm. Link / Compare / Contrast: Another poem that displays the failure of dialogue, that doesn’t occur in a conversation between people, is ‘Weapons Training’
Poem 2- Outline & LFs in ‘Weapons Training’
• In Dawe’s Weapon Training, a military soldier is training recruits on how to use their riffles. • His sexist monologue insults and belittles the men, with the purpose of making them suffer, and toughening them up. •...
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