Energy Sustainability in the Uae

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Energy sustainability in the UAE|

This research will discuss about the current energy resources consumption locally in the UAE and globally in the whole world. Also, it would discuss about the possible renewable energy plant implementation and what new researches and achievements has been done in the UAE. Most of the researches done in the area of the energy sustainability are based in Masdar city and so more detailed information are provided.

Table of contents

2.Current energy consumption5
3.Renewable and non-renewable energy7
3.1MASDAR City7
3.1.1Wind energy7
3.1.2Solar energy8
3.1.3Beam Down project10

List of Tables
Table 1 - Energy Consumption and Production QUADS [3]6
Table 2 - Gross Generated Electricity by Authority, 2005-2010 (GW/ h) [4]6

1. Introduction
Energy is one of the most fundamental parts of our universe. We use energy to lights our cities, to power our transportations such as cars and also to power machinery in. Sufficient, reliable sources of energy are a necessity for industrialized nations such as the UAE. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has the world’s sixth largest proven oil reserves and the fifth largest natural gas reserves [1]. Statistics from 2010 shows that more than 90 per cent of the UAE’s electricity production is fuelled by natural gas, with the remaining produced by diesel generation and steam turbines which are primarily used in the Northern Emirates [2]. The energy resources in the UAE are mainly based on non-renewable energies such as petroleum and natural gas, fossil fuel, and it is not guaranteed that these resources will supply the country with its energy needs for a long time. For future energy sustainability in the UAE, energy resources should switch to renewable energy because these resources are unlimited. There are many researches and projects done by MASDAR city to use solar and wind energies which in future will provide a bright future for the energy resources area. Also, nuclear energy is included in the plan for future energy in the UAE as it is an environmentally friendly source and can generate energy for a long time.

2. Current energy consumption
The majority of energy consumption in the UAE comes from fossil fuel; petroleum and natural gas. Most of the transportation vehicles are powered with petrol and the electricity generation depends mainly on natural gas. The major players in the UAE’s electricity generation sectors are: Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Authority (ADWEA), which currently accounts for 53 per cent of the capacity, Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) and it accounts for 29 per cent, Sharjah Electricity and Water Authority (SEWA) and it generates 11 per cent, and Federal Electricity and Water Authority (FEWA) and it generates the least around 7 per cent in the Northern Emirates [2]. A chart is presented depicting the energy consumption and production quads in United Arab Emirates (UAE) from 2006-2010 including the country's coal production, renewables production and consumption, and petroleum net exports [Table 1]. It is obvious from the chart that the consumption is mainly on fossil fuel, and almost no energy generated or consumed from the renewable energies or nuclear and hydroelectric. Regarding the electricity generation and consumption in UAE, some statistic retrieved from UAE statistics shows that energy generation is increasing in order to cover for the increase in demand [Table 2]. The data shows the generated electricity in GigaWatts per hour for the year 2005 to 2010 and it can be seen that the energy consumption almost doubled in the period of five years. Also, energy consumption chart is not an accurate measurement to predict the energy consumption in future, so deploying a sustainable energy resource would be an important step to prepare for the future. Table 1 - Energy Consumption and...
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