Nowadays, climate change is a very serious global problem. Everyone is concerned about this issue. Some scientists have come up with new technological solutions to control or rescue the situation (Ollhoff 2011, 4). However, history shows that after adapting the technological solutions, new problems arise and cause negative impacts on the society and environment (Ollhoff 2011, 4). Therefore, people know that in order to stop global warming, it might be better to find a substantial solution instead of relying on technology. In other words, it may be more effective to solve the problem with changes in social behaviors. Thus, this essay explores how Creative Problem- Solving Process (CPSP) can be used to find a creative solution that will achieve a significant and sustainable reduction in my usage of electricity. Osborn’s Creative Problem-Solving Process comprises three steps. They are: (1) Fact- Finding, (2) Idea-Finding, and (3) Solution Finding. Fact- Finding is the first step of the Osborn’s Creative Problem-Solving. This step is used to identify a problem and specifically define it. After identifying the problem, this essay will move to the second step of Osborn’s CPSP, which is Idea-Finding. This step will undergo idea generation, in conjunction with creative thinking tools such as analogies, brain storming and problem reversal. Lastly, solution finding is the third step of Osborn’s CPSP; this step will evaluate the solution through undertaking experiments and verifying it.
Firstly, fact-finding, this step requires identifying and putting emphasis on the problem, followed by some preparation by researching the problem to gather and analyze the data obtained (Osborn 1979, 86). I have used this process to identify the activities that consume the most energy – electricity. In this case, I have observed myself and recorded down how I waste electricity. I came to the conclusion that I wasted the most electricity through running the air-conditioner and lights days on end even though it was not necessary, leaving the computer in standby mode for 24 hours. Thus, I researched this problem to see whether consumption of electricity will directly caused impacts on the environments, which leads to the global warming problem. I found that in 2009, 78% of Australian electricity was produced from coal, 14% from natural gas, and 4.7% from hydro (World Nuclear Association 2011). Furthermore, the main fuel used by Victoria is brown coal (lignite); for New South Wales (NSW) and Queensland, they are using high quality black coal; whereas in West Australia and South Australia, they are using lower quality black coal. Through further research, I found that carbon dioxide is released when coal is burned to generate power. For instance, in NSW, 920,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide per terawatt hours (TWh) are emitted by the black coal plants, whereas Victorian brown coal plants release 1.29 million tonnes carbon dioxide per TWh (World Nuclear Association 2011). So, if I changed my habits to reduce my consumption of electricity everyday, there is potential to reduce combustion of coal, and fewe carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases are put out into the atmosphere. By using Osborn’s CPSP I have been able to identify the problem existing in the community and do some research on this problem, which allows me to move to the second step of the process-idea finding.
Idea finding is the second stage of the Osborn’s CPSP. In this step, it requires producing or coming up with as many tentative ideas and possible leads as possible, after that, selecting the most relevant ideas, adding up each other to reprocess all of these by modifying and combining them (Osborn 1979, 86). I have done this successfully by using creative tools, analogies, brainstorming and problem reversal, to generate ideas that will enable me to reduce my consumption of electricity.
Analogy is also one of the effective creative tools. Analogies are used to recognize the...
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