Energy Giving Food

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  • Topic: Wheat, Maize, Staple food
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Energy giving nutrients include carbohydrates and fats. Although proteins also provide energy their most important function is to build and repair body tissues. Therefore we will not include them in this group

Starchy foods include the following:
1. Bread
2. Rice and other cereals
3. Breakfast cereals
4. Potatoes and other starchy root vegetables such as yam and cassava 5. Noodles

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Beans and pulses are usually as body-building foods, but they are also an important source of carbohydrates in the diet.

Rice and bread are the staple foods in the Mauritian diet.

Nutritional value
• Carbohydrates
• Some iron
• Some calcium
• B group vitamins

Starch is the most common form of carbohydrate in our diet. We should eat some starchy foods every day as part of a healthy balanced diet.

Why do you need starchy foods?

Starchy foods are a good source of energy and the main source of a range of nutrients in our diet. As well as starch, they contain fibre, calcium, iron and B vitamins. Some people think starchy foods are fattening, but gram for gram they contain fewer than half the calories of fat. Just watch out for the added fats used when you cook and serve them: this is what increases the calorie content.

CEREALS
Cereals are the edible seeds of plants belonging to the grass family. They form the staple food of many people. Some common cereals are rice, wheat, maize, oats, barley and rye.

Nutritive value of cereals
• Bran-it is the hard outer layer of grain and consists of combined aleurone and pericarp and it is a good source of dietary fibre and provides a small amount of vitamin B and minerals. Bran is often used to enrich breads (notably muffins) and breakfast cereals, especially for the benefit of those wishing to increase their intake of dietary fiber.  • Endosperm-is the tissue produced inside the seeds of most flowering plants around the time of fertilization. It surrounds...
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