Energy Efficiency Study - Libya

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Mediterranean and National Strategies for Sustainable Development Priority Field of Action 2: Energy and Climate Change

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Libya - National study

Dr Mohamed Ekhlat, Dr Ibrahim M. Salah & Eng. Nurredin M. Kreama, General Electric Company of Libya "GECOL"

Plan Bleu
Regional Activity Centre Sophia Antipolis September 2007

I. Avertissement Les appellations employées dans ce rapport et la présentation des données qui y figurent n’impliquent aucune prise de position de la part du PAM/Plan Bleu ou des pays Méditerranéens ayant participé aux activités de suivi du chapitre « énergie » de la Stratégie Méditerranéenne de Développement Durable (SMDD), ni des institutions ayant contribué quant au statut juridique des pays, territoires, régions ou villes, ou de leurs autorités, ni quant au tracé de leurs frontières ou limites.

Disclaimer The designations employed and the related data presentation in this report do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of MAP/Plan Bleu or of countries having taken part in the follow-up of the Mediterranean Strategy for Sustainable Development (MSSD) “energy” chapter or the cooperating institutions concerning the legal status of any country, territory, region or city, or of its authorities, or of the delineation of its frontiers or boundaries

PART ( I )

THE COUNTRY ENERGY SITUATION

February 2007

1-1 The country energy situation Oil and natural gas are the main sources of energy in Libya. Libya is an important oil country particularly to European countries. Libya had total proven oil reserve of 35 billion barrels at the end of 2005 and 53 TCF proven natural gas reserves [1]. Libya's export revenues have increased sharply in recent years to $ 34 billion by the end of 2006 up from only $ 5.3 billion in 2001 [2]. Oil export revenues are extremely important to the economic development of the country as they represent 90.% of the total revenue [2] Area of Libya is 1,759,540 km2 with a popular of 5,853,000 (2005).Due to Libya oil export revenue, Libya experienced strong economic during 2003,2004 and 2005 with the real gross domestic product ( GDP) of 46 billion (US $ 97) in 2005 which made Libya one of the highest per capita GDPs in Africa. Libya is hoping to reduce its dependency on oil on the country source of income, and to increase investment in tourism, fisheries, mining and natural gas. Libya also is attempt to position it self as a key economic intermediary between Europe and Africa. As illustrated in Fig (1), Total revenue ( as percentage of GDP) has increased very rapidly between 2001 to 2004. This attributed to the rapid growth of the oil sector and its influence on the economic and social development. TOTAL REVENUE % GDP 80.00 70.00 60.00 50.00 40.00 30.00 20.00 10.00 0.00 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2002

Fig (1), Total Revenue as percentage of GDP It is noticeable from fig(1) that the total revenue on a percentage of GDP has decreased in 2005 due to the fact that there are other sources of income rather than oil 1-2 TOTAL PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY (TPES) TPES has increased from 9.7 Mte in 1990 to 17.7 Mte in 2003 with an average annual growth of 4.7 %. Fig (2) shows that the oil has a largest share of TPES (57-66%) during 1990-2000 with a little decrease in last years because of using more natural gas in electrical power generation.

100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 1990 1995 2000 2001 2003

OIL

GAS

2

Fig (2) share of oil and gas in TPES

2005

Fig (3), shows the trends for TPES, GDP ( US $ 1997 ) for the period from 1986 to 2005. GDP
MILLIOM $ 97 50000 45000 40000 35000 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 20 15 10 5 0 1990 1995 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

TPES Mte

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1995

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004
2008

Fig(3), GDP & TPES From 1986 To 2005 GDP has increased from 25...
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