Electrical Energy Crisis in Pakistan and Their Possible Solutions Dr,M. Arshad Javaid1, Sarfraz Hussain, Abdul-Maqsood, Dr. Zeba Arshad, Dr. M.Awais Arshad , Majid Idrees
Govt. Ch. Ilm Din Degree College, Alipur Chattha
This work presents the dilemma of shortfall in the supply of electrical energy that is currently faced by Pakistan. The root cause of this shortage in the supply of energy is mentioned in this work. An abridged history as well as the present situation of the electricity production and its consumption in the country is discussed. The electricity generation potential of Pakistan in different sectors to produce energy is viewed. The importance of utilization of coal resources and water resources for the production of electric power is discussed. Pakistan has been blessed with rich and vast renewable energy (RE) resources. These renewable energy resources can play effective and considerable role in contributing towards energy security and energy independence of the country. Some predictions are made on the basis of empirical data and preliminary observations. An estimated forecast of demand and supply of electricity for the next twenty years is also projected in this article.
Key Words: Electrical Power energy, energy crisis, electricity generation, renewable energy resources
The electricity Pakistan is presently facing a serious energy crisis. Despite strong economic growth during the past decade and consequent rising demand for energy, no worthwhile steps have been taken to install new capacity for generation of the required energy sources. Now, the demand exceeds supply and hence “load-shedding” is a common phenomenon through frequent power shutdowns. Pakistan needs about 14000-15000MW electricity per day, and the demand is likely to rise to approximately 20,000 MW per day by 2010. Presently, it can produce about 11, 500 MW per day and thus there is a shortfall of about 3000-4000MW per day. This shortage is badly affecting industry, commerce and daily life of people.
All possible measures need to be adopted, i.e., to conserve energy at all levels, and use all available sources to enhance production of energy. It seems that the government is considering importing energy from Iran and Central Asian Republics and using indigenous sources, such as, hydel, coal, waste, wind, and solar power, as well as other alternate and renewable energy sources, besides nuclear power plants for production of energy. Needless to say that if the country wishes to continue its
110505-9393 IJBAS-IJENS © October 2011 IJENS
International Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences IJBAS-IJENS Vol: 11 No: 05
economic development and improve the quality of life of its people, it has to make serious efforts towards framing a coherent energy policy.
Energy crisis is the most burning issue that is facing by the whole world now a days. It is the one of the basic requirement of economic development and an adequate standard for living. The demand in the electrical energy demands in a country is proportional to the growth in the population. If this demand is not met with the supply, energy crisis is produced.Pakistan has been facing an unprecedented energy crisis since last many years. This problem becomes more severe in summer and as a result shortage of electricity is faced 8 to 10 houres in urban areas while 16 to 18 hours in rural areas. The above mentioned circumstances are due to lake of management and planning. Any power system has three major parts- generation system, Transmission System and Distribution System.
The main technical causes of the shortfall in the ability of energy crisis in Pakistan are 1. Insufficient installed generating capacity...