Energy Crisis in Pakistan

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Contents
Foreword 3 Acknowledgment 4 Summary 5 Introduction

Importance of energy for the economy
Energy crises
Pakistan: Power Crisis Feared by 2007
Major Energy Crisis Feared
Waste to Energy Is Needed in Pakistan
Rising Oil Prices
Pakistan Coal Reserve should be explored
Energy crisis in Pakistan
Wind Power: a solution to Energy Crisis
Energy Crisis: serious and worsening

Concluding remarks 24 Bibliography 25

FOREWORD

An energy crisis is any great shortfall (or price rise) in the supply of energy resources to an economy. It usually refers to the shortage of oil and additionally to electricity or other natural resources. The crisis often has effects on the rest of the economy, with many recessions being caused by an energy crisis in some form. In particular, the production costs of electricity rise, which raises manufacturing costs. For the consumer, the price of gasoline (petrol) and diesel for cars and other vehicles rises, leading to reduced consumer confidence and spending, higher transportation costs and general price rising. We chose this topic to have a review on the energy crises in Pakistan and its impact on the economy of Pakistan.

SUMMARY

Pakistan is presently facing a serious energy crisis. Despite strong economic growth during the past decade and consequent rising demand for energy, no worthwhile steps have been taken to install new capacity for generation of the required energy sources. Now, the demand exceeds supply and hence “load-shedding” is a common phenomenon through frequent power shutdowns. Pakistan needs about 14000-15000MW electricity per day, and the demand is likely to rise to approximately 20,000 MW per day by 2010. Presently, it can produce about 11, 500 MW per day and thus there is a shortfall of about 3000-4000MW per day. This shortage is badly affecting industry, commerce and daily life of people. All possible measures need to be adopted, i.e., to conserve energy at all levels, and use all available sources to enhance production of energy. It seems that the government is considering importing energy from Iran and Central Asian Republics and using indigenous sources, such as, hydel, coal, waste, wind, and solar power, as well as other alternate and renewable energy sources, besides nuclear power plants for production of energy. Needless to say that if the country wishes to continue its economic development and improve the quality of life of its people, it has to make serious efforts towards framing a coherent energy policy.

INTRODUCTION
An energy crisis is any great bottleneck (or price rise) in the supply of energy resources to an economy. In popular literature though, it often refers to one of the energy sources used at a certain time and place. Energy runs machinery in factories, lights our cities and powers our vehicles. There has been an enormous increase in the demand for energy as a result of industrial development and population growth. Supply of energy is, therefore, far less than the actual demand.

Importance of energy for the economy
The energy sector is an important one for all the various countries of the world, and especially, the countries that are developing from an economic point of view. It has been observed that the energy sector has played a crucial role in the context of the global economy. Prices of oil and such other sources of energy have been affecting the economies of various...
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