1. The year 2005-06 is marked in the history of India – US relations as an important milestone in the mutual rediscovery of each other. It marks one of the most significant departure from long held relations. It is the biggest foreign policy challenge facing India after a gap of more than 30 years India and US agreed to resume cooperation in the field of nuclear energy. Until now , US viewed India as a nuclear weapon capable state as an outcaste, to be chastised for illegal possessor of nuclear weapons. India had been warned and advised repeatedly during the past and specially under President Clinton to roll back and terminate its nuclear programme.
2. On 18 Jul 2005, India and US agreed to reaffirmed the multifaceted relationship, encompassing issues as diverse as terrorism, agriculture, health, commerce, energy, science and technology and defence , as visualized in the joint statement of the day between the PM of India and President of US at Washington. A joint statement issued said that the US would work with “friends and allies to adjust international regimes to enable full civil nuclear energy and trade with India”. President Bush hailed India as a “responsible state”, deserving the “same benefits and advantages as other such states”. The signing of the US –India Framework Defence Agreement was the final prelude to the US bestowing de facto nuclear status to India.
3. India’s emergence as an economic power and its manifold increased requirement of energy; value of Indian democratic systems, common fight against international terrorism, influence of Indian progression in information technology and influence of Indian Diaspora in US politics are few important factors which led to the proposal for the said nuclear deal. These developments made US to engage India for a strategic dialogue. The Indian PM confirmed before the Parliament on civil nuclear energy... [continues]
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