Energy Creation Process in the Human Body

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Homework Week 1
1) Analyse the anaerobic and aerobic energy systems and which system would be more useful for a sport of your choice

The anaerobic system is the use of energy without the presence of oxygen. The ATP-PC system and the lactic acid system are both anaerobic systems. The aerobic system is the breaking of fuels with the use of oxygen. An example of the anaerobic system would be a javelin throw or even a 100m sprint. They are both short sharp activities which use the ATP-PC system for energy.

2) Summarise the way ATP is resynthesized for each energy system

ATP is resynthesized ina cycle to ensure that there are always 3 phosphates attached to the adenosine. The phosphates are resynthesized by the 3 different types of fuels, carbs fats and proteins. Carbohydrates or Glycogen/glucose are used first followed by fats (lipids and then finally the body’s protein

3) Explain how an athlete will use all three energy systems for energy supply when competing in the marathon running event

A marathon runner would use all three energy systems at different stages of the race. The predominant system used would be the aerobic system as a marathon is a long endurance race.

4) Assess the relevance of the chosen training method for the sport listed below

5) Assess which types of training for a hockey player, and for a swimmer in an 800m race. How will each of their performance be affected by training method

Hockey player: a hockey player would benefit the most from fartlek training as it is a form of interval or speed training that can be effective in improving your speed and endurance. This would help a hockey player as they are required to change intensity throughout a match and are always changing.

Swimmer: a long distance swimmer should try and mostly do continuous training as this will be the most beneficial to them. They should train as they intend to perform in the race which means continuous training of at least 800m...
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