Energy use and supply is of fundamental importance to society and, with the possible exception of agriculture and forestry, has made the greatest impact on the environment of any human activity - a result of the large scale and pervasive nature of energy related activities. Although energy and environment concerns were originally local in character - for example, problems associated with extraction, transport or noxious emissions - they have now widened to cover regional and global issues such as acid rain and the greenhouse effect. Such problems have now become major political issues and the subject of international debate and regulation. It is for this reason that there is a need for a journal dedicated to energy and environment issues. Energy and Environment is an interdisciplinary journal aimed at natural scientists, technologists and the international social science and policy communities covering the direct and indirect environmental impacts of energy acquisition, transport, production and use. A particular objective is to cover the social, economic and political dimensions of such issues at local, national and international level. The technological and scientific aspects of energy and environment questions including energy conservation, and the interaction of energy forms and systems with the physical environment, are covered, including the relationship of such questions to wider economic and socio-political issues. Papers covering energy related aspects of wider environmental questions are included, such as the use of fuel wood and continuing impacts of de-forestation. A major aim of Energy and Environment is to act as a forum for constructive and professional debate between scientists and technologists, social scientists and economists from academia, government and the energy industries on energy and environment issues in both a national and international context. It is also the aim to include the informed and environmentally concerned public and their organisations in the debate. Particular attention is given to ways of resolving conflict in the energy and environment field.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… The milk that we produce, we cannot sell,” says Mileva Desnica, who lives in the small village of Ajderovac in Croatia. “We don’t have electricity for a refrigerator, so we can only store food in the cold room for a day or two at most.” The municipality of Gračac where the village is located was cut off from the energy grid during the war in the 1990s, and until recently, residents had to rely on diesel-powered generators and candles for lighting. Highlights
126 villages in Croatia, around 500 households, still wait for the electricity distribution network to be restored since the war in the 1990s. The cost of the pilot solar system in Ajderovac has proven to be three times cheaper than traditional re-electrification. …………………It demonstrates the potential for solar energy to provide cost-effective and environmentally-sound energy solutions for remote areas of the country. Though the mountainous area has great potential for raising livestock, lack of electricity and difficult living conditions badly hampered its economic prospects. To help remediate this situation, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) secured the installation of a solar photovoltaic system to provide energy for the community of Ajderovac. The site will be open to the public as part of the educational activities run by the Zadar-based Solar Education Centre, created with UNDP support. The Centre educates the public about renewable energy sources and technologies and offers certified training to unemployed county residents in the assembly and installation of solar power systems. “This project is an excellent way of demonstrating the potential for solar energy to provide cost effective and environmentally-sound energy solutions for other remote areas of Croatia, including its many islands and mountainous...
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