Endocrine System

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This article gives a list of the guidelines set forth by the UK of how diabetic should eat and what they can do to minimize their risk of complications through diet and exercise. The opening statement sets the tone for the entire article. “Nutritional therapy is fundamental for the effective management of diabetics and plays a vital role in helping people with diabetes achieve and maintain optimal glycemic control and reduce the risk of long-term tissue damage” (p.1282). This article written by individuals of the Diabetes UK Nutrition Working Group, contains guidelines for both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetics.

One of the main points is the fact that diabetics need to account for their personal health and lifestyle while formulating a health plan. It is stressed in the UK guidelines that a plan needs to be individualized to the person. There cannot be a generalized plan that works for everyone. In doing this the goal of prevention and the management of diabetes can be reached.

There are five main guidelines that this article summarizes. The first is “Recommendations for nutrition management and models of education” (p. 1283). This goes over ways that individuals who are diagnosed with diabetes should be treated upon diagnosis. This includes being referred to a registered dietician, and being educated on how the diagnosis will change their day-to-day life.

The second is the “Recommendation for prevention of Type 2 diabetes in high-risk groups” (p. 1284). This part highlights things that can be done to help those overweight or obese prevent themselves from becoming a diabetic. Some of the recommendations include exercising regularly, eating a balanced diet, and learning that some specific foods need to be eaten only in moderation if at all.

“Recommendations for people with diabetes”(p.1284) is the third guideline. If first goes over recommendations specific to Type 1 diabetics, mainly stating the importance of balancing carbohydrates and insulin intake. Next,...
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