Endocrine, Respiratory, and Cardiovascular Dsorders

Topics: Heart, Respiratory system, Cardiology Pages: 8 (1099 words) Published: July 3, 2012
Endocrine, Respiratory, and Cardiovascular Disorders
Also referenced from Medical Terminology and Anatomy class.
This worksheet consists of 50 multiple choice questions worth 2 points each for a total of 100 points. Once you have completed the worksheet and are satisfied with your answers, transfer those answers to an assessment with the same title. The assessment will be made available by Friday, July 6th.

Due Date: 16th no later than 11:59 PM
1. What happens when you breathe in?
a. your diaphragm expands and your ribcage contracts
b. your diaphragm contracts and your ribcage expands
c. your diaphragm explodes and your ribcage contradicts

2. Air enters your lungs through the:
d. trachea
e. esophagus
f. alveoli

3. How many lungs do humans have?
g. three
h. four
i. two

4. What are bronchial tubes?
j. air passages inside your lungs
k. blood vessels inside your body
l. tiny air sacs that deliver oxygen to the blood

5. What muscle allows you to breathe in and out?
m. the trachea
n. the diaphragm
o. the tongue

6. How many lobes does your right lung have?
p. 4
q. 2
r. 3

7. How many lobes does your left lung have?
s. 4
t. 2
u. 3

8. When you breathe out, what gas does your body get rid of? v. nitrogen
w. carbon monoxide
x. carbon dioxide

9. Which of the following is not a part of the upper respiratory system? y. esophagus
z. pharynx
{. nose

10. Which of the following is not one of the most important muscles involved in respiratory movement? |. glottis
}. diaphragm
~. external intercostals muscles

11. Which of the following is not one of the accessory respiration muscles? . external & internal oblique
. trachea
. transverses abdominis

12. Inhalation begins with the:
. diaphragm
. nose
. esophagus

13. Which of these doesn’t occur when air flows into the lungs? . the air is filtered
. the air is cooled
. the air is humidified

14. Blowing out a candle is an example of:
. forced inhalation
. liking he dark
. forces exhalation

15. Which of these is not part of the respiratory system? . nose
. interventricular septum
. tongue

16. Which of these is the job of the respiratory system?
. gas exchange between the external environment and the body’s circulatory system . breaking down food to be used by the body
. holding up the body and giving it support and shape

17. The two major organs of the respiratory system where the gas exchange takes place and carbon dioxide is given off and oxygen take in: . kidneys
. lungs
. intestines

18. Small air sacs in the lungs where many capillaries exchange carbon dioxide for oxygen taken into the body: . bronchi
. alveoli
. trachea

19. The windpipe:
. larynx
. adenoid
. trachea
20. Small spaces in the skull thought to regulate the temperature and humidity of the air taken into the body: . alveoli
. tonsils
. sinuses

21. Lymph tissue and lymph nodes that protect the body from infection: . adenoids and tonsils
. alveoli and sinuses
. bronchi and trachea

22. This tube carries air down to the windpipe:
. larynx
. sinuses
. pharynx

23. The voicebox:
. pharynx
. trachea
. larynx

24. A flap over the trachea that keeps out food and anything else that could clog the trachea: . epiglottis
. larynx
. pharynx

25. These carry air into the lungs:
. bronchi and bronchiole tubes
. alveoli
. sinuses

26. A large muscle that separates the chest cavity from the...
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