Endangered Animals of India Nataraj M.B. Department of Zoology.
What is an endangered animal? :
What is an endangered animal? A species is called endangered when there are so few of its kind left that it could disappear from the planet altogether and become 'extinct.' Extinct means an animal hasn't been seen in the wild for 50 years. In total 762 plant and animal species are now recorded as extinct.
IUCN RED LIST :
IUCN RED LIST The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data List) is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is the world's main authority on the conservation status of species. IUCN Red List is widely considered to be the most objective and authoritative system
The IUCN Categories :
The IUCN Categories Extinct (EX) - No individuals remaining. Extinct in the Wild (EW) - Known only to survive in captivity, or as a naturalized population outside its historic range. Critically Endangered (CR) - Extremely high risk of extinction in the wild. Endangered (EN) - High risk of extinction in the wild. Vulnerable (VU) - High risk of endangerment in the wild. Near Threatened (NT) - Likely to become endangered in the near future. Least Concern (LC) - Lowest risk. Does not qualify for a more at risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
The IUCN Categories
IUCN RED LIST - 2009 :
IUCN RED LIST - 2009 Number of Threatened Species of Animals Mammals : 1142 Birds: 1223 Reptiles : 469 Amphibians : 1895 Fishes : 1414
IUCN RED LIST - 2009Indian Scenario :
IUCN RED LIST - 2009Indian Scenario Extinct: 01 Critically Endangered : 52 Endangered : 117 Vulnerable : 271 Total Number of Threatened Species: 440
Causes Habitat Destruction Expansion of Agriculture Rapid Industrialization Poaching and Trade Global Warming and Climate Change
White-backed Vulture & Long-billed Vulture White-backed Vulture Gyps bengalensis is widely distributed in India. Till late 1990 it was in abundant but declined rapidly. Cause – veterinary use of diclofenac for livestock. Long-billed Vulture Gyps indicus. This species is also widely distributed in India. Like White-backed Vultures their population declined rapidly after 1990. Cause – veterinary use of diclofenac for cattle.
Jerdon's Courser & Forest Owlet :
Jerdon's Courser & Forest Owlet Jerdon's Courser Rhinptilus bitorquatus is endemic bird found in south-eastern Andhra Pradesh. Earlier known from few places in Central India from Godavari River basin. Habitat specialist bird found only in scrub forest. Threats – habitat destruction because of human activities This bird is endemic to Satpuda Mountains known from only from six places in Central India. Because of the Forest Owlet, the Central Indian Forests come under Endemic Bird Area. Forest Owlet Heteroglaux blewitti . Only found in dry deciduous forests. Threats – habitat destruction for fuel wood, illicit wood cutting, overgrazing and direct persecution by tribal.
Spot-billed Pelican & Sarus Crane :
Spot-billed Pelican & Sarus Crane Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis is found all over India in large wetlands. The population is declining very fast. Threats – destruction of nesting habitat, drainage and pollution of wetlands and dearth of food. Sarus Crane Grus antigone was historically widespread all over south Asia and Australia. Now declining all over its range. Threats - primarily threatened by a combination of habitat loss and modification (owing primarily to agricultural expansion), pollution and persecution.
Lesser Flamingo & Great Indian Bustard :
Lesser Flamingo & Great Indian Bustard Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor is found only in Asia and African Continent. Every year 10%...