the National Policy on Education calls for the national education
system to play a positive interventionist role in the empowerment of
In its effort to create a closer link between education and the life
of people, the NPE had envisaged a two-pronged strategy:
First, the removal of disparities in access and the second the
equalisation of opportunities through affirmative action programmes.
These programmes would be specifically tailored to address the
specific needs of those denied equality to date.
India is already home to the largest number of illiterates in the
world. Of the 263 million illiterate Indians, 197 million are women.
The literacy rate differential is also reflected in all other human
development indicators. Women's access to health care, adequate
nutrition, sanitation facilities, clean drinking water is significantly less
than men's access.
Reflective of the low status of women is the most sensitive indicator
of human development, the infant mortality rate. India has a skewed
sex ratio, with 829 women to 1000 men in some parts of the country.
During the field surveys for the gender studies, researchers found in
some blocks of Haryana, sex ratios of 500 girls to 1000 boys in the age
group 0-6 years.
Development thinkers across the ideological spectrum agree that
education is one of the most significant factors in changing the status
of women. The skewed sex ratio and the high infant mortality rate
are as much a cause as an effect of the disparity in educational
opportunities between boys and girls. According to the 1991 census,
the female literacy rate at 39.42 per cent is bout two-thirds the literacy
rate of men at 63.86 per cent.
It is recognised that in rural India, of every 100 girls who enrolled
in Class I only 1 entered Class XII. In urban areas, the situation is
slightly better with 14 girls of every 100 making it to Class XII. A... [continues]
Cite This Essay
(2011, 08). Empowerment of Girl Child. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 08, 2011, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Empowerment-Of-Girl-Child-763859.html
"Empowerment of Girl Child" StudyMode.com. 08 2011. 2011. 08 2011 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Empowerment-Of-Girl-Child-763859.html>.
- MLA 7
"Empowerment of Girl Child." StudyMode.com. StudyMode.com, 08 2011. Web. 08 2011. <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Empowerment-Of-Girl-Child-763859.html>.
"Empowerment of Girl Child." StudyMode.com. 08, 2011. Accessed 08, 2011. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Empowerment-Of-Girl-Child-763859.html.