Employment has emerged as an important subject in the development agenda of most national governments and several international organisations over the past two decades. In recent years, the processes of globalisation have also resulted in certain trends in labour markets in both the developed and developing countries.in the developing countries, fears have been expressed of displacement of workers in the hither to protected sectors as a result of international competition.
Current scenario of India:
As a belong to India, I would like to emphasize on the current education and employment scenario in India. In India, The educational system follows 12 years of schooling and then a 3-4 years of graduation course, and 2 years of post graduation course. India has a total of 253 universities and 12,732 colleges right now. Growth rate of employment is 3.29% in 2009. Highest rate of Employment is observed in agriculture , fishing and forestry- 296.62 million. The Lowest rate of employment is in Electricity, Gas and water supply – 1.5 million. The country is having a population of 1.2 billion while the total employment is 529.87 million. It indicates that major portion of the youth remain unemployed.
Major employment challenges in India:
India is the second most populous country in the world, with over 1.18 billion people (estimate for April, 2010), more than a sixth of the world's population. More than this every year about 5 million people become eligible for securing jobs. But the employment opportunities are much lower than the job seekers. 2. Poverty:
In India, Poverty often forces households to withdraw children from schools for reasons of both direct and opportunity costs. In addition, schools and the style of instruction are not always attractive for the children. In the case of girls, the familial attitude towards educating them continues to be discriminatory. As a result, Drop-out rates are high: at 40 per cent in...