Employment by Gender in Fbih

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Sarajevo, January 9, 2013
Problem definition
The objective of this paper is to analyze whether there exist significant difference in employment between genders in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FB&H) in period 1999 – 2011. Data, variables and sources

This is data for continuous quantitative variable employment for female and male in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina during period 1999 - 2011. We used secondary data. Data used for this analys is taken from various documents and publications of FBiH Federalni zavod za statistiku (FB&H Federal Office of Statistics), found on their official web page: http://www.fzs.ba/.

Tabele 1: Number of female and male employees in FB&H in period 1999 – 2011.

Year| Number of female employees in FB&H| Number of male employees in FB&H| 1999| 132.265| 275.489|
2000| 135.457| 275.351|
2001| 137.669| 269.530|
2002| 139.516| 254.616|
2003| 139.188| 248.139|
2004| 143.215| 245.095|
2005| 144.270| 244.148|
2006| 144.681| 244.920|
2007| 153.776| 259.900|
2008| 163.045| 267.700|
2009| 164.968| 261.588|
2010| 172.218| 266.731|
2011| 173.764| 266.983|

Source: Various documents and publications found on http://www.fzs.ba/

Applying quantitative methods

Descriptive statistics is the discipline of quantitatively describing the main features of a collection of data. They provide simple summaries about the sample and the measures. The measures used to describe the data set are measures of central tendency and measures of variability or dispersion. Measures of central tendency include the mean, median and mode, while measures of variability include the standard deviation (or variance), the minimum and maximum variables, kurtosis and skewness.

After using Descriptive statistic we got following results:

Female|
Mean| 149.540,92|
Standard Error| 3.984,07|
Median| 144.270,00|
Mode| #N/A|
Standard Deviation| 14.364,76|
Sample Variance| 206.346.316,24|
Kurtosis| -1,10|
Skewness| 0,66|
Range| 41.499,00|
Minimum| 132.265,00|
Maximum| 173.764,00|
Sum| 1.944.032,00|
Count| 13,00|
Confidence Level (95,0%)| 7.808,63|

* Average number of female employees in FB&H in period 1999 – 2011. is 149.540 with standard deviation 14.364.

* In 50% of the time in period 1999 – 2011. the number of female employees in FB&H was lower or equal to 144.270, but in 50% of observed period of time, the number of female employees in FB&H was higher then 144.270. * Analyzed variable for this sample has small positive (right) asymmetry, which tells us that this is asymmetric distribution and a bit wide distribution. * Highest number of female employees in FB&H in period 1999 – 2011. was 173.764, and lowest number of female employees in FB&H in period 1999 – 2011. was 132.265. * With first type error of 5% we can say that employment for whole female population in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina should be in interval [(149.540,92 – 7.808,63) to (149.540,92 + 7.808,63)].

Male|
Mean| 260.014,62|
Standard Error| 3.195,34|
Median| 261.588,00|
Mode| #N/A|
Standard Deviation| 11.520,97|
Sample Variance| 132.732.745,42|
Kurtosis| -1,47|
Skewness| -0,21|
Range| 31.341,00|
Minimum| 244.148,00|
Maximum| 275.489,00|
Sum| 3.380.190,00|
Count| 13,00|
Confidence Level (95,0%)| 6.262,76|

* Average number of male employees in FB&H in period 1999 – 2011. is 260.014 with standard deviation 11.520.

* In 50% of the time in period 1999 – 2011. the number of male employees in FB&H was lower or equal to 261.588, but in 50% of observed period of time, the number of male employees in FB&H was higher then 261.588. * Analyzed variable for this sample has small negative (left) asymmetry, which tells us that this is asymmetric distribution and...
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