Employee welfare is an important facet of industrial relations, the extra dimension, giving satisfaction to the worker in a way which even s a good wage cannot. With the growth of industrialization and mechanization, it has acquired added importance. The workers in the industry cannot cope with the pace of modern life with minimum sustenance amenities. He needs an added stimulus to keep body and soul together. Employees have also realized the importance of their role in providing these extra amenities. And yet, they are not always able to fulfill workers demands however reasonable they might be. They are not primarily concerned with the viability of the enterprise. Employee welfare, though it has been proved to contribute to efficiency in production, is expensive. Each employer depending on his priorities gives varying degrees of importance to labour welfare. It is because the government is not sure that all employees are progressive mined and will provide basic welfare measures that it introduces statutory legislation from time to time to bring about some measures of uniformity in the basic amenities available to industrial workers. After employees have been hired, trained and remunerated, they need to be retained and maintained to serve the organization better. Welfare facilities are designed to take care of the wellbeing of the employees, they do not generally result in any monetary benefit to the employees. Nor are these facilities provided by employees alone. Governmental and non-governmental agencies and trade unions too, contribute towards employee welfare. Employee welfare is a comprehensive term including various service benefits and facilities offered top the employees by the employer through such general fringe benefits the employer makes the life worth living for the employees. The welfare amenities are extended in addition to normal wages another economic reward available to employees as per the legal provisions.
Welfare may also be provided by the government, trade unions and non-government agencies in addition to the employers. The basic purpose if the employee welfare is to enrich the life of the employees and keep them happy and contented. Welfare means faring or doing well. It refers to physical, mental moral and emotional wellbeing of an individual. Further the term welfare is a relative concept, relative in time and space. It therefore varies from time to time, from region to region and country to country. It is also referred to as betterment work for employees, relates to taking care of wellbeing of workers by employers trade unions, government and non-governmental agencies TYPES OF WELFARE ACTIVITIES:
The meaning of labour welfare may be clearer by listing the activities and facilities, which are referred to as welfare measures. A comprehensive list of welfare activities on labour welfare into two broad groups, namely: 1. Welfare measures inside the work place;
2. Welfare measures outside the work place.
1. Welfare Measures inside the Work Place a) Conditions of the work Environment Safety and cleanliness: attention to approaches.
Workshop sanitation and cleanliness.
Control of effluents
Convenience and comfort during work
Distribution of work hours
Workmen’s safety measures
Supply of necessary beverages
Provision of drinking water
Urinals and bathrooms
Provision for spittoons
Rest rooms and reading rooms
C) Worker’s Health Services
Factory health center
d) Women and Child Welfare
Services Crèche and child care
Separate services for woman workers
e) Workers’ recreation
Indoor games; strenuous games to be avoided during intervals of work f) Economic services
Co operatives, loans, financial grants
Thrift and savings schemes