Employee Welfare

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  • Topic: Incentive program, Morale, Employment
  • Pages : 6 (1318 words )
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  • Published : March 30, 2012
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REVIEW OF LITERATURE

Human Resource Management is the process of procuring, developing, maintaining, and controlling human resources for effective achievement of organizational goals. This project is focused on employee welfare measure and employee morale.

2.1 EMPLOYEE WELFARE – DEFINITION
Employee welfare means “the effort to make life worth living for workmen”. When all basic facilities are provided and employees obtain satisfaction then the productivity can be increased and development of the organization will be possible CONDITIONS OF WORK ENVIRONMENT

1) Working conditions
Temperature
Ventilation
Lighting
Dust
Smoke
Fumes and gases
Noise
Humidity
Posture – simple
Hazard and safety complex devices
2) Factory Sanitation and Cleanliness:
Provision of urinals in factories
Provision of spittoons
Provision for the disposal of waste and rubbish
Provision for water disposal (drainage)
Provision of proper bathing and washing facilities
Cleanliness, white- washing and repair of buildings and workshops Care and maintenance of open spaces, gardens, roads, etc
3) Welfare Amenities
Provision and care of drinking water
Canteen services
Lunch
Rest room
Crèches
Cloak rooms
Other amenities

2.1.1 EMPLOYEES’ HEALTH SERVICES
1) Factory health services
Medical examination of employees
Factory dispensary and clinic treatment
First aid and ambulance room
Treatment of accidents and
Health education and research
2) Recreation
Playgrounds for physical recreation (athletics, games, gymnastics, etc) Social and cultural recreation (music, singing, dancing, drama, etc) 3) Workers education
Education to improve skills and earning capacity
Literacy
Library, audio visual education, lecture programmes and
Workers educational scheme and its working
4) Economic Services
Employees’ co-operative societies
Grain shops and fair price shops and
Housing co-operatives
5) Housing for employees and community services
6) Study of the working of welfare Acts
Factories Act
Employees state insurance act
Minimum wages act
7) Social Work in industrial Setting
Family Planning
Employee counseling
2.1.2 EMPLOYEE SERVICES AND BENEFITS
These are concerned with the process of sustaining and maintaining the work force in an organization. They include 1) Safety provision inside the workshop
2) Employee counseling
3) The medical services
4) The recreational and other welfare facilities
5) Fringe benefits and supplementary items
2.1.3 EMPLOYEE MORALE - DEFINITION
According to Yoder “morale is a feeling, somewhat related to esprit de corps, enthusiasm or zeal.Fippo has described morale “As a mental condition or attitude of individuals and groups which determines their willingness to co-operate. Good morale is evidenced by employee enthusiasm, voluntary conformance with regulations and orders, and a willingness to co-operate with others in the accomplishment of an organization’s objectives. 2.1.4 FACTORS AFFECTING MORALE

According to McFarland, the important factors which have a bearing on morale are The attitude of the executives and managers towards their subordinates. working conditions, including pay, hours of work, and safety rules effective leadership and an intelligent distribution of authority and responsibility in the organization the design of the organization’s structure which facilities the flow of work and The size of the organization.

2.1.5 CRITERIA THAT DETERMINES MORALE
Several criteria seem important in the determination of levels of workers morale, such as The organization itself
The nature of the work
The level of satisfaction
The supervision received
The perception of the self
Workers perception of the past awards and future opportunities for rewards The employees age
The employee’s educational level and occupational level.
2.1.6 TYPES OF MORALE
Morale is generally referred to as high morale. According to McFarland, “high morale exists when employee attitudes...
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