CHAPTER – 1
Labour welfare is one of the major aspects of national programmes towards betterment of the conditions of labour force and creating a congenial work environment with decent comfort for this class of population for leading good standard of life.
Measures and activities undertaken by the state, employers and association of workers standards of life and for the promotion of their economical and social well being are labeled as ‘welfare work’. Thus welfare work may be defined as work for improving the health well being and the industrial efficiency of the workers beyond the minimum standards laid down by the factories act and other labour legislation.
The entire field of welfare is one in which much can be done to combat the sense of frustration of the industrial worker, to relieve him of personal and family worries, to improve his health, to afford him a means of self-expression, to offer him some sphere in which he can excel all others and to help him to a wider concept of life.
1.2 REVIEW OF LITERATURE
1.2.1 LABOUR WELFARE MEASURES:
The oxford dictionary defines labour welfare as “efforts to make life worth living for workmen”. These efforts have their origin either in some statue formed by the state or in some local custom or in a collective agreement or in the employer’s own initiative. An employer may voluntarily initiate labour welfare measures in his undertaking with the following objective:
To win over employees loyalty and increase their morale. To enable the workers to enjoy a fuller and richer life
To develop efficiency and productivity among workers
To build stable labour force, to reduce labour turnover and absenteeism To earn goodwill and enhance public image
To make recruitment more effective (because these benefits add to job appeal) To develop a sense of responsibility and dignity among the workers and thus a worthy citizen.
It is however, difficult to precisely define the scope of labour welfare efforts. Different writers have defined it in different ways. Some writers say that only voluntary efforts on the part of employers to improve the conditions of employment in their factories form the scope of labour welfare efforts. Some others say it includes not only voluntary efforts of the employer but also the minimum standards of hygiene and safety laid down in general legislation.
1.2.2 TYPES OF LABOUR WELFARE SERVICES:
Labour welfare measures may be classified depending on
•Location – intramural and extramural
•Enforcement – statutory and voluntary
They are the services which are provided within the factory.(such as canteen facilities, first aid facilities etc) Extramural:
They include the services that are provided outside the factory.(such as transport , education, recreational facilities etc) Statutory:
The welfare measures required to be provided as per factories act, 1948. Voluntary:
The welfare measures provided by the employer out of his own interest.
1.2.3 LABOUR WELFARE IN INDIA:
The chapter on directive principles of state policy I our constitution expresses the need for labour welfare as: Article 38:
The state shall strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and prptecting as effectively as it may a social order in which justice, social, economic an political, shall inform all the institutions of national life. Article 39:
The state shall, in particular direct its policy towards securing: a)That the citizens, men and women equally have the right for an adequate means of livelihood. b)That the ownership and control of the material resources are so distributed as to observe the common good. c)That the operation of economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common detriment d)That there is equal pay...