Employee Motivational Programs

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Employee Motivational Programs

By | July 2008
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The text book defines Vroom’s expectancy theory as “a theory of motivation that suggests employees are more likely to be motivated when they perceive their efforts will result in successful performance and ultimately, desired rewards and outcomes.” It offers the following definition for the equity theory, “a theory of motivation that examines how a person might respond to perceived discrepancies between his input/outcome ratio and that of a reference person.” So what are the issues and implications that need to be addressed when considering motivational programs in the work place that are drawn from these theories? I perceive them to be as follows: 1.What is the task or job that needs to be accomplished?

2.What is the expected or intended result of the task?
3.What is to be gained by the employee(s)?
4.What is to be gained by the employer?
5.Is the program identical or different for all levels?
6.Is the reward identical or different for all levels?

Let’s suppose that company ABC is losing market share and sales as a direct result of costs related to processes in product manufacturing as well as business and manufacturing support functions. Management has taken steps to eliminate some costs but is now turning to employees to help lower costs, increase productivity and profit, and improve morale. It will implement an incentive program based on performance and reward employees with money in the form of bonuses. The performance will not be judged on an individual basis but on how well the company as a whole has performed. The goal is to reduce costs by X% and increase profit by Y% each quarter and a Z% average for the year. If quarterly goals are met, management has decided to reward hourly wage earners on a quarterly basis. Salaried positions are tied to the year end results. Management has also set a range that results fall into so that every effort is rewarded by percentage of earnings. i.e., no gains = no bonus, 1% below target = 1% of earnings,...