Emotions Paper

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There are several functioned emotions that will be analyzed in this paper. Psychological emotional arousal and cognitive activity can be very important. At least two historical theories of emotion and arousal as they relate to human motivation such as; American psychologist Stanley Schatcher as well Jerome Singer’s theory will be examined. There will be at least two research methods used for uncovering basic emotions analyze such as; Johnson-Laird and Oatley. Facial feedback hypothesis, particularly the event-appraisal-emotion sequence will be discussed as well. Other information and knowledge will be shared and discussed too. There are different expressions in an individual that can sometimes or most of the time determines their emotion; looking in a spouse eyes for example and seeing there smile when telling a spouse how much love they have for their loved one. Emotions keep us motivated and move towards goals however some emotions can sometimes be sever or harmful to ones mentality. Emotions too has rewards it also stimulates and appraises also known as the event-appraisal-emotion sequence discussed further in this informational paper.

Emotion and arousal, one seeks to explain behavior either maintained or increased when goals are obtained, and the other as a state of consciousness that produces joy, hate, love, sorrow. Stanley Schatcher along with Jerome Singer both American psychologist; suggested that when experiencing an emotion there should be both emotional arousal and cognitive activity (perception, memory, reasoning) in order to fully understand why arousal occurs; in doing this emotion can correctly be determined.

During their research Schatcher and Singer ended with the idea that individuals are usually aware of why they are aroused but if it is not clear, they will look for the answers of why the emotions took place through environmental factors. Schatcher-Singer also theorizes physiological arousal comes before emotion even takes place, when a person is in an activity whether foreseen or unseen.

When fear, for example is part of the arousal, usually the heart starts to beat faster and breathing gets heavier, the emotion is fear, because the behavior will sense danger. Motivation is at its highest level to react to the fear. Emotions will often have the same arousal model which is reliant on the cognitive of the event (Deckers, 2005).

Yerkes-Dodson law concerning arousal as with many researchers, propose that behavior transforms on various levels as a result of arousal, therefore, affecting one’s performance and motivation. This law suggests that performance can be improved by someone or thing (animal) if it is aroused in some way. However, if arousal level increases too much, performance decreases.

This process can be viewed graphically as a curvilinear, inverted U-shaped curve which increases and then decreases with higher levels of arousal.

Through research it was found that task will vary with different levels of arousal for optimal performance. The relationship between arousal and performance will become inverse, arousal increases with declines in performance. The upward portion of the inverted U can be seen as the energizing effect of arousal, while the downward portion is seen as negative effects of arousal (stress) or cognitive processes such as memory, problem-solving, and attention.

Basic emotions are what drive our motivation to do certain things or behave a certain way. Basic emotions consist of happy, sad, anger and love. Other emotions derive from these basic emotions. There are also emotions that we use that are learned like guilt and shame. There are three basic methods of analysis. The first is the category analysis; this method was developed to describe different emotional experiences. The words happy, sad, and angry were invented to describe specific feelings. Johnson-Laird and Oatley did analysis on approximately 590 words in order to discover...
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