Emotion and Phoenix Material Motivation

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University of Phoenix Material

Motivation and Emotion Worksheet

Watch the Motivation and Emotion – Interactive Tutorial located at the following link: http://media.pearsoncmg.com/pcp/pcp_94123_psych_axia/lesson_07/select.htm

The word count for individual answers may vary but your responses should total 350- to 750-words for the entire worksheet.

1. Describe the five approaches to motivation. Explain how each approach affects motivation.

The first approach to motivation is Instinct approaches in which its motivation relates to the factors that direct and energize behavior. This approach affects motivation by the behaviors essential to survival. The second approach would be drive-reduction. Drive is the motivation tension that energizes behavior to fulfill a need. This approach motivates drive by a lack of some basic biological requirement such as water produces a drive to obtain that requirement (in this case, the thirst drive). Homeostasis, the maintenance of a steady internal state, often underlies motivational drives. The third approach is arousal approach. Arousal approach suggests that we try to maintain a particular level of stimulation and activity. Fourth approach is incentive approaches which focus on the positive aspects of the environment that direct and energize behavior. Fifth approach is cognitive approaches this approach focus on the role of thoughts, expectations, and understanding of the world in producing motivation.

2. Theorists vary on why we experience emotions. List the main emotions identified in the text and discuss at least two different theories related to emotional experiences.

The main emotions identified were physical, behaviorally, and subjective. The common sense theory seems to be the first response that would happen in a situation with a snarling dog. When someone thinks of that first thing comes to mind is fear then a reaction to the fear but that’s not the case. Canon-Bard theory of...
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