Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès

Topics: Louis XVI of France, French Revolution, Marie Antoinette Pages: 3 (905 words) Published: March 18, 2013
On May 3, 1748, I, Abbé Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès, was born in southern France. Five years later, France was on the verge of revolution; it split into three estates. But in my early life, I was educated for to become a Jesuit, people who specialize in debate to defend the Church. Though, when I grew older, I began to embrace the works of writers and philosophes such as John Locke, and I accepted the ideas of the enlightenment even though I had joined the Church. While in the church I rose to be an abbé, a designation for a clergyman in the French Roman Catholic Church. Later on, after being so influenced by the philosophes during the French Revolution, I wrote a pamphlet named What Is the Third Estate? and it became the manifesto of the French Revolution for the third estate, and it eventually caused my own thoughts and faith to change as well.

After I had joined the church, I became a dedicated theorist whose concept of popular sovereignty guided the National Assembly in its struggle against the monarchy and nobility. Even though I wasn’t born of noble birth I was still known by many people because of the standing I had in church and the profession that I pursued as a theorist. I was then raised for an ecclesiastical career at the Sorbonne and rose in the church to become a vicar general and chancellor. Even though I did end up reaching a high ranking, I was unable to advance in the church because I wasn’t born of noble birth.

After a few more years I absolutely hated the aristocracy and monarchy, ruled by King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, (they had no balance of power) by the time the Estates General were summoned in 1788. After seeing how the nobles acted and the way the monarchy blatantly ignored the Third Estate, I wrote What Is The Third Estate? which identified the unprivileged Third Estate with the French nation and asserted that it alone had the right to draft a new constitution. The pamphlet I had written won me immense popularity with the Third...
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