Emissions Trading and Corporate Social Responsibility

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CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
WITHIN
THE AIRLINE INDUSTRY

By :R J Wright

This assignment is submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the University of Salford for the degree of: Bachelor of Arts with honours in Hospitality Management

Declaration

The following work has been completed by R J Wright and it is all my own work except where it is referenced accordingly.

R J Wright

R J Wright

Abbreviations

1.CSRCorporate Social Responsibility

2.PRPublic Relations

3.AEFAviation Environmental Federation

4.ETSEmissions Trading Scheme

5.CO2Carbon Dioxide

6.

7.USUnited States of America

8.UKUnited Kingdom

9.

ContentsPage
1.Title Page1
2.Declaration2
3.Abbreviations3
4.Contents4
5.Abstract5
6.Definition of Corporate Social Responsibility6
7.Defining the Concept6
8.CSR within the airline industry8
9.The Companies9
10.Taking Action10
11.a
12.a
13.a
14.aa
15.a
16.Bibliography

Abstract

Researcher: Roderick Wright

Date of completion: 19 Nov 2007

Background information:A brief insight into the history and development of corporate social responsibility, from it inception to current day. It then looks at CSR within the Airline Industry, in particular the levels airlines are using to address their carbon footprint. The report then looks at the strengths and weaknesses of the airlines in meeting their CSR. Finally it will briefly look at recommendations that they could adopt to improve the actual and perceived status as a CSR organisation.

Aims & Objectives:To determine if British Airway and other Airline Companies are Corporate Social Responsible Companies, or are they merely using the CSR status as a public relations exercise to ensure they achieve a sustainable competitive advantage.

To provide feasible and affordable recommendations the airline industry could implement to show they are or at least wish to be a CSR company.

Definitions of Corporate Social Responsibility

The phrase Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) was coined in 1953 with the publication of Bowen's 'Social Responsibility of Businessmen', which posed the question 'what responsibilities to society can business people be reasonably expected to assume?' (Bowen 1953). Throughout the 70s and 80s academic discussion of the concept of CSR grew, but the first company to actually publish a social report was Ben and Jerry's in 1989(Marlin 2003), and the first major company was Shell in 1998(Shell 1998).

It is universally agreed there is no single definition of Corporate Social Responsibility that has been agreed by all aspects involved in it use, implementation or control, but a great many companies and organisations world wide promote its ever increasing use in today's environmental and economic climate. CSR can best be described as a concept.

Defining the concept:
According to the European Commission, Corporate Social Responsibility is, "a concept whereby companies integrate social and environmental concerns in their business operations and in their interaction with their stakeholders on a voluntary basis", (Bushill-Mathews, 2003), He then goes on to say, ...'the commitment of business to contribute to sustainable economic development, working with employees, their families, the local community and society at large to improve their quality of life'. However The World Business Council for Sustainable Development іn its publication "Makіng Good Business Sense" by Lord Holme and Richard Watts, used the following definition. "Corporate Social Responsibility is the continuing commitment by business to behave ethically and contribute to economic development while improving the quality оf life оf the workforce and their families as well as оf the local community and society at large." (Strong 2004 p16) The...
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