Emily Dickinson lived in an era of Naturalism and Realism (1855-1910). She lived in a period of The Civil War and the Frontier. She was affected by her life and the era she lived in. She also had many deaths in her family and that's part of the reason that she was very morbid and wrote about death.
Emily Dickinson grew up in Amherst, Massachusetts in the nineteenth century. As a child she was brought up into the Puritan way of life. She was born on December 10, 1830 and died fifty-six years later. Emily lived isolated in the house she was born in; except for the short time she attended Amherst Academy and Holyoke Female Seminary. Emily Dickinson never married and lived on the reliance of her father. Dickinson was close to her sister Lavinia and her brother Austin her whole life. Most of her family were members of the church, but Emily never wished to become one. Her closest friend was her sister-in-law Susan. Susan was Emily's personal critic; as long as Emily was writing she asked Susan to look her poems over.
Emily Dickinson was affected by her life for several reasons. One of the reasons was that she was never married, though she went through many serious relationships, she never settled down.
Another reason that she was affected by her life was that her mother was not "emotionally accessible". She was not close to her mother and never shared any of her feelings with her, which most daughters feel they can. This might have caused Emily to be very weird and strange. The Dickinson children were also raised in the Christian tradition, and were expected to take up their father's religious beliefs and values without any fighting or arguing. Emily did not like than she can not chose for herself her own beliefs and religion.
Emily did not enjoy the popularity and excitement of the public life, unlike her father. So she began to pull away from it. In the presence of strangers Emily could be shy, silent or even depreciating. Emily felt that she did not fit in with her and her father's religion in Amherst especially when he father started to censor the books she read because of their potential to draw her away from faith.
Emily had no extended exposure to the world outside of her hometown. Besides the one trip she took to Philadelphia (which was only due to her eye problems) and occasional trips to Washington and Boston. On her trip to Philadelphia Emily met Charles Wadsworth, a clergyman, who became her "dearest earthly friend". Just like Emily he was also a solitary, and a romantic person that Emily could confide in when writing her poetry. His religious beliefs also gave Emily a sharp, and often welcome. He was a very influential and was a big source of inspiration and guidance.
She also met a man by the name of Thomas Wentworth Higginson, who was also very influential to Emily. He advised Dickinson against publishing her poetry, even though he saw the creative originality on her poetry. He remained Emily's "preceptor" for the rest of her life. But Emily decided against publishing her poems, and as a result only seven of her poems were published in her lifetime (she left behind over 2,000 poems).
Emily Dickinson was affected by her era. When the United States Civil War broke out there was a lot of emotional confusion, and she began to express this in her poems. Some changes in her poetry came directly as a result of the war. Even though she looked inner and not to the war for the material in her poetry, the tense atmosphere of the war years may have contributed a lot to her writings. After the war she started to look at things through a black vale, and began to be very dark and gloomy. But probably one of her best poems was written during this periods of decline. It was called "A Route of Evanescence". This poem described the fluttering rise of a humming bird. This unpredictable rise was also the route of experience.
Emily's life started to go down from this point and...