University of Phoenix
Critical Incident Management
November 22, 2010
Emergency Operations Plan
Emergency planning has changed very much since the 9/11 attacks. Law enforcement agencies focus more on prevention, preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation. With planning and efforts made by law enforcement agencies, the law enforcement community can provide a comprehensive emergency management and security program (EMHSD/MSP, 2009).
The first phase in producing an effective emergency program is prevention. This phase of emergency planning prevents emergencies from occurring. The importance of proactive patrolling is crucial in the prevention of some criminal activity that could lead to an emergency (EMHSD/MSP, 2009).
The second phase in producing an effective emergency plan includes the preparedness of law enforcement agencies. Preparedness includes developing, researching, and testing of risk assessments, emergency personnel, notification systems, resources and supplies, and information dissemination. Preparedness will also help coordinate and develop plans to save lives. The third phase in emergency planning is response; this phase provides the assistance during an emergency to prevent further injuries, property damage, and help to accelerate recovery. The response phase also includes the implementation of emergency operational plans, the issuance of public warnings, field operations, and development of incident action plans, and the command, and control of the incident (EMHSD/MSP, 2009).
Next, recovery is the fourth phase in emergency planning; this phase is responsible for the recovery and restoring of all systems. Recovery in short-term operations focuses on the return of all vital life support systems including roads, power, water and sewer, and food services to minimum operations. Part of the recovery process also include relocation, counseling, financial aid, and housing.
The final phase is the mitigation phase; this long-term phase is designed to prevent the probability of a disaster. The mitigation phase includes activity that will reduce the effects of disasters that include planning, educating the public, enforcing codes, and the use of land management. Planning for an emergency can help ease the cost of a disaster (EMHSD/MSP, 2009).
The city of Detroit is a major urban city in this country with approximately 850,000 residents; the city is no stranger to major incidents. In 2004, at the International Freedom Fireworks, a lone gunman fired shots into a large crowd resulted in nine people hurt. The pandemonium this event caused was astronomical, not only was it difficult to attend to the victims, the search for the shooter and setting up a perimeter was difficult. The city of Detroit emergency plan as illustrated by the Detroit Police Department was designed and calculated to handle most emergencies in the event of a major incident.
City of Detroit Emergency Plan
Emergency incident response was designed to provide general guidelines for responding to a broad range of emergency situation. Examples of these emergency situations may include a barricaded gunman or woman, civil disorder, bomb threats, hazardous material, disasters made naturally or man-made or other incidents of occurrence where a rapid and organized response is needed for an emergency situation. The city of Detroit Police Department shall institute the Incident Command System when responding to an emergency situation. Whenever the Detroit Police Department is the lead agency in responding to an emergency, the responding officer shall assume the tactical control of the emergency as the incident commander. However, in those instances which the Detroit Police Department is not the lead agency such as a hazardous material response or three alarm fires, then the first officers arriving on the scene will provide the...