Embryonic Stem Cell Research: More Beneficial Than Detrimental

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Embryonic Stem Cell Research: More Beneficial Than Detrimental Kurl E. Jamora
Term 3 AY 2011-12
De La Salle University-Manila

Thesis Statement:
This paper aims to show that the advancements that embryonic stem cell research can deliver outweigh its drawbacks. Outline:
1.0 Potentials of stem cell research
2.0 Nature of stem cell research
3.1 Embryonic stem cells
3.2.1 Derivation of embryonic stem cells
3.2.2 Characteristics of embryonic stem cells
3.2 Adult stem cells
3.3.3 Derivation of adult stem cells
3.3.4 Characteristics of adult stem cells
3.0 Drawbacks of embryonic stem cell research
4.3 Ethics controversies
4.4.5 Moral status of an embryo
4.4.6 Utilization of embryonic stem cells
4.4 Immune rejections
4.5.7 Immune system responses
4.5.8 Immunosuppression
4.5 Legality issues
4.6.9 In the United Kingdom
4.6.10 In the United States
4.0 Benefits of embryonic stem cell research
5.6 On disease treatment
5.7.11 Diabetes
5.7.12 Neurological disorder
5.7.13 Heart disease
5.7 On dermal injury treatment
5.8.14 Burns
5.8.15 Skin ulcers
5.8 On orthopedic injury treatment
5.9.16 Bone damage
5.9.17 Cartilage damage
5.0 Recommendations for future researchers

Embryonic Stem Cell Research: More Beneficial Than Detrimental
Along with the maturation of the cells in the body is the loss of cellular plasticity, a feature that accounts for the development of tissues and regeneration of cells (Maclean, 1977). In a case of a person suffering from a heart attack, the heart cells, exhibiting a lesser degree of plasticity, are unable to regenerate and repair the damage. This may lead to the heart not contracting properly and may result to death. To counteract this loss of plasticity, scientists have ventured on the use of stem cells. Stem cells have a feature that distinguishes them from other kinds of cells. They exhibit a great extent of plasticity which allows them to develop and differentiate into all kinds of cells (Panno, 2005). Stem cells may differentiate and replace the worn-out cells, making stem cell therapies a highly feasible treatment to different diseases such as diabetes, neurological disorders, heart failures, and dermal and orthopedic injuries (Bonner-Weir & Weir, 2009; Gonzales, Pyo Lee, &Synder, 2009; Rubart & Field, 2009; Upjohn, Varigos, & Kaur, 2009; Huang & Goldberg, 2009). According to Panno (2005), there are two kinds of stem cells, namely, embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells. This paper will discuss about the embryonic stem cells which exhibit a greater extent of plasticity (Melton & Cowen, 2009). However, the use of embryonic stem cells is accompanied by the destruction of the embryos (Panno, 2005). This roused different issues that became an impediment to its application. Many people question the ethics and the appropriateness of sacrificing a potential life. Likewise, people doubt its safety as the immune system of the body tries to reject foreign cells. Both of these reasons affected the legislation in countries such as the United Kingdom and the United States thereby hindering stem cell research from making notable progress. This paper aims to show that the advancements embryonic stem cell research can deliver outweigh its drawbacks. The nature of stem cell research revolves around the use of stem cells. Finlay (2004) believes that the method of growing stem cells in culture evolved from a scheme of improving the commonly used procedure of transplantation. He has perceived the disadvantages posed by this method including the scarcity of organs and the immune rejections by the patient’s body. Finlay upholds the value of stem cells as a more promising instrument. Panno (2005) attributes to the stem cells the...
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