Elsa Schiaparelli was born in Rome, Italy her parents were from a conservative wealthy family; she was always a difficult child while growing up she never fitted, and was constantly with a need of freedom, which she later showed it in her designs.
Trying to avoid marriage to an aristocrat she left her home, away from the luxury of her life and became a nanny in London. Later got married and had her daughter they lived in New York, and after divorcing she moved to Paris where she began her career in fashion.
With a great relationship with Paul Poiret and his encouragement to become a dressmaker, Schiaparelli with a sweater she made jumped her career after an American buyer laid eyes in her creations.
Schiaparelli was well known for her revolutionary style and her boldness, she was very forward in her designs for the time period. While her contemporaries Chanel and Vionnet created taste and beauty she was creating a more unique style. As many new she was a great rival of Chanel as she referred to her “that dressmaker that wants to be an artist” and Schiaparelli as “that milliner”.
By 1927 she opened her first atelier capturing both European and American fashion; by 1932 she had 400 Employees and was producing 7,000 to 8,000 garments per year. The clothes created in 1930s to 1940s were in collaboration with surrealist artist such as Jean Cocteau, Salvador Dali, and Leonor Fini. She was a great and important influence in the surrealist movement in the period and was of complete support.
Not only were her designs bold and out of the ordinary she also, thanks to her knowledge in the American market had many commercial agreements with department stores and casualty shops. After the 1940 she had grew considerably to making 10,000 garments a year.
After the war, Schiaparelli left Paris to live in New York were she was not designing but helping out in volunteering to recover those tough times. Her house remained opened but collection...