President Quirino’s administration faced a serious threat in the form of the Communist led Hukbalahap (Huk) movement. Though the Huks originally had been an anti-Japanese guerrilla army in Luzon, the Communists steadily gained control over the leadership, and when Quirino’s negotiation with Huk commander Luis Taruc broke down in 1948, Taruc openly declared himself a Communist and called for the overthrow of the government. By 1950 the Huks had gained control over a considerable portion of national defense to suppress the insurrection.
Quirino’s six years as president were marked by notable postwar reconstruction, general economic gains, and increased economic aid from the United States. Basic social problems, however, particularly in the rural areas, remained unsolved; Quirino’s administration was tainted by widespread graft and corruption. The 1949 election, which he had won, were among the most dishonest in the country’s history.
Mga Pangunahing Problema
1. Graft and corruption
• Tambobong-Buenavista scandal
• Import Control Anomalies
• Caledonia Pile Mess
• Textbook Racket
2. Economic Reconstruction
Elpidio Quirino announced two main objectives of his administration
• the economic reconstruction of the nation
• second, the restoration of the faith and confidence of the people in the government.
3. Rising of unemployment rate
4. Soaring prices of commodities
5. Frauds and terrorism
These were made during the 1947; ’49 and ’51 elections by the Liberal party.
Mga Pangako sa Election / Inauguration
1. To uphold and keep inviolate the Constitution
2. To maintain an honest, efficient and clean government
3. To encourage women to take more active part in public life and in public service
4. To require government officials to perform their duties with a high sense of loyalty
5. To guarantee clean election
6. To maintain a balance budget
7. To conserve foreign exchange resources
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