Elenas Diary

Topics: German Empire, World War I, World War II Pages: 4 (1037 words) Published: February 7, 2013
The Second Reich Revision sheet.

1. The Constitution – Position of Chancellor independent to Reichstag. Power structure unclear and confused. 2. Economy – G. Europe’s industrial superpower, built on existing industries and new ones. (new – electrics, chemicals, cars, precision equipment) 3. Labor force – Population growing also change of jobs from agriculture to tertiary sectors. Also G. Best education system for scholors and technical skills. 4. Changing spirit of the age: new ideas –

• Socialism (growth of SPD – 110 seats in 1912) • Nationalism - Pan German League: anti-socialist, racist, anti-Semitic and strong supporters of any policy that advanced G power and influence. • Anti-Semitism

• Social Darwinism
5. German society – Junkers (determined to keep control) Industrial bourgeoisie, Middle classes (becoming more numerous) mittlestand (Lower m/c – supported r-wing movements) w/c (Mixture of fortunes) 6. Power – Kaiser ‘personal rule’ based authority on the divine right of kings. Boasted never read the constitution. Yet he was not unintelligent. Had a good memory and the political power to direct things. Yet his mood was volatile and not charismatic. – Daily Telegraph affair! Failed to appreciate the changes that were happening in the economy – during the war he played a subordinate role to Hindenburg and Lundendorff. 7. Power – Chancellors. Bulow – Managed Reichstag for a decade. He was a manipulator who wanted to further himself. With the Daily telegraph affair lost support of the Kaiser. Bethmann – Hard working but lacked experience.

Chancellors very different but they were the product of the constitution! Reichstag – Was divided in to those that wanted change and those that did not. Yet decline in conservative force combined with growth of SPD meant further division was caused.

The Army – Centre of political and social life. Signed an oath of loyalty, conscription meant...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • learning diary Essay
  • Daisy Diary Essay
  • Analyse the Relationship Between Dorothy’s Diary Entry and William’s Poem, Paying Close Critical Attention to the Ways in Which the Poem...
  • Style and themes inherited and transformed in Lu Xun's "Diary of a Madman" compared with Gogol's "Diary of a Madman" Essay
  • Analysis of "A Madman's Diary" Essay
  • Unit 208 Using a Diary System Essay
  • Essay about Unit 208
  • Elena Poniatowska Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free