Element Families

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 79
  • Published : April 16, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
Actinide Series
Lanthanide Series
Noble Gases
Halogen
Chalcogen
Nitrogen
Boron
Carbon
Transition Metals
Earth Alkali
Alkali
Columns on the Periodic Chart are referred to as _________ of elements. -Families
Families of Elements are similar in at least what three ways? -Charge, Electron configuration, Electron dot diagram, also they have similar properties What are the 3 properties of the Alkali family?

-Soft, Shiny, Very reactive
Compare the Alkali's to the Alkali Earth metals. What is the difference in their properties? Why is there a difference? -They have the same properties but not as strong. It is harder to drop two electrons. List four of the transition metals properties.

-Shiny, hard, dense, bends and holds its shape, conducts electricity, conducts heat, corrodes The only "orphan" element on the chart ____________ .
-Hydrogen
If both B^5 and Al^13 are s^2p^1,s why is Boron a nonmetallic metalloid and Al a metallic metalloid? -Boron has fewer total electrons so it is less inclined to give them away. The Carbon family elements radically change in their individuals properties. How do they change from C to Pb? -It goes from non-metal to metalloid to metals

What factor cause these changes in the Carbon family? Explain. -Size of the atoms
In summary, what two major factors strongly affects the properties of any single element or any family of elements on the chart? -Structure, Size
Carbon’s 2s2 2p2 orbital rearrange to bond in four different directions, what is the name of this shape? Sketch it. - Tetrahedral

Carbon forms long chains with itself, this is referred to as __________. In industry, this process is called___________. Examples of these substances would be: ___________and___________. -Catenation, Polymerization, Plastic, Nylons

Carbon is very user-friendly and therefore predominantly found in the chemistry of living things, this chemistry is called__________ chemistry. -Organic
Halogen means "salt-forming" and the halogen family...
tracking img