Health Care IndustryIndividual Project
Electronic Health Record (EHR)
5. Feature /Highlights
7. Factors statistics
In my assignment, I will be studying Electronic Health Record (EHR) system, which is widely used in USA. An EHR solution caters to Health care industry. EHR system is an official health record for an individual, which can be shared among multiple facilities and agencies. It has digitized health information systems, which will improve the efficiency and quality of care and, ultimately, reduce costs. These systems are governed by certain rules and regulations available in the health care industry defined by the apex system like CCHIT and HIPPA. |Certification Commission for Health Information Technology |Health Insurance Portability and Accountability (HIPAA) | |(CCHIT) | | |Founded in 2004, and certifying electronic health records (EHRs) |The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) | |since 2006, the Commission established the first comprehensive, |of 1996 was enacted by the U.S. Congress in 1996. | |practical definition of what capabilities were needed in these |Title I of HIPAA protects health insurance coverage for workers | |systems. The Federal government officially recognized |and their families when they change or lose their jobs. | |Certification Commission as a certifying body. |Title II of HIPAA, known as the Administrative Simplification | | |(AS) provisions, requires the establishment of national | | |standards, security and privacy of health data. |
An electronic health record (EHR) (also electronic patient record (EPR) or computerized patient record) is an evolving concept defined as a systematic collection of electronic health information about individual patients or populations. It is a record in digital format that is capable of being shared across different health care settings, by being embedded in network-connected enterprise-wide information systems. Such records may include a whole range of data in comprehensive or summary form, including demographics, medical history, medication and allergies, immunization status, laboratory test results, radiology images, vital signs, personal stats like age and weight, and billing information. The EHR has the ability to generate a complete record of a clinical patient encounter, as well as supporting other care-related activities directly or indirectly via interface—including evidence-based decision support, quality management, and outcomes reporting.
History of EHRs
The first known medical record was developed by Hippocrates, in the fifth century B.C. He prescribed two goals:
A medical record should accurately reflect the course of disease. A medical record should indicate the probable cause of disease.
These goals are still appropriate, but electronic health records systems can also provide additional functionality, such as interactive alerts to clinicians, interactive flow sheets, and tailored order sets, all of which can not be done be done with paper-based systems. The first EHRs began to appear in the 1960s. “By 1965, Summerfield and Empey reported that at least 73 hospitals and clinical information projects and 28 projects for storage and retrieval of medical documents and other clinically-relevant information were underway.”
Many of today’s EHRs are based on the pioneering work done in academic medical centers AMCs and for...