Electronic Goods Store Management

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Newspaper
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Journalism
News · Writing style
Ethics · Objectivity
Values · Attribution
Defamation
Editorial independence
Journalism school
List of
journalism articles
Areas
Arts · Business
Entertainment
Environment
Fashion · Medicine
Politics · Science
Sports · Technical
Trade · Traffic
Weather · World
Genres
Advocacy · Broadcast
Citizen · Civic
Collaborative · Community
Database · Gonzo
Investigative · Literary
Muckraking · Narrative
"New Journalism"
Non-profit journalism
Online · Opinion
Peace · Photojournalism
Visual · Watchdog
Social impact
Fourth Estate
Freedom of the press
Infotainment · Media bias
Public relations
Yellow journalism
News media
Newspapers · Magazines
News agencies
Alternative media
Roles
Journalist · Reporter
Editor · Columnist
Copy editor
Meteorologist
News presenter
Photographer
Political commentator
Category: Journalism
v · d · e

A newspaper is a regularly scheduled publication containing news of current events, informative articles, diverse features and advertising. It usually is printed on relatively inexpensive, low-grade paper such as newsprint. By 2007, there were 6580 daily newspapers in the world selling 395 million copies a day. The worldwide recession of 2008, combined with the rapid growth of web-based alternatives, caused a serious decline in advertising and circulation, as many papers closed or sharply retrenched operations.[1]

General-interest newspapers typically publish stories on local and national political events and personalities, crime, business, entertainment, society and sports. Most traditional papers also feature an editorial page containing editorials written by an editor and columns that express the personal opinions of writers. The newspaper is typically funded by paid subscriptions and advertising.

A wide variety of material has been published in newspapers, including editorial opinions, criticism, persuasion and op-eds; obituaries; entertainment features such as crosswords, sudoku and horoscopes; weather news and forecasts; advice, food and other columns; reviews of movies, plays and restaurants; classified ads; display ads, television listings, inserts from local merchants, editorial cartoons and comic strips. Contents

[hide]

1 Definition
2 History
2.1 Gazettes and bulletins
2.2 Newspapers
2.2.1 Europe
2.2.2 North America
2.3 Industrial Revolution
3 Impact of television and Internet
4 Categories
4.1 Daily
4.2 Weekly
4.3 National
4.4 International
4.5 Online
4.6 Customized
5 Organization and personnel
6 Zoned and other editions
7 Format
8 Circulation and readership
9 Advertising
10 Journalism
11 Future
12 Notes
13 Further reading
14 External links
14.1 General
14.2 Newspaper archives
14.3 Front pages from around the world

[edit] Definition

Newspapers typically meet four criteria:[2][3]

Publicity: Its contents are reasonably accessible to the public. Periodicity: It is published at regular intervals.
Currency: Its information is up to date.
Universality: It covers a range of topics.

[edit] History
[edit] Gazettes and bulletins

Before the invention of newspapers in the early 17th century, official government bulletins were circulated at times in some centralized empires.

In Ancient Rome, Acta Diurna, or government announcement bulletins, were made public by Julius Caesar. They were carved in metal or stone and posted in public places.

In China, early government-produced news sheets, called tipao, circulated among court officials during the late Han dynasty (second and third centuries AD). Between 713 and 734, the Kaiyuan Za Bao ("Bulletin of the Court") of the Chinese Tang Dynasty published government news; it was handwritten on silk and...
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