Electrolyte Challenge Sport Drinks vs. Orange Juice
By: Clem L. Vinegar Jr.
February 2, 2013
I. Project Question-
The question I am trying to answer is which drink between water, Gatorade, propel, PowerAde, and a homemade drink. II. Hypothesis-
My hypothesis is that orange juice will have more electrolytes than the other drinks because of the natural electrolytes it contains from oranges. I also think that Gatorade will be the most preferred drink because of taste. III. Research-
Sport drinks are most times are divided into three groups, which are Isotonic, Hypertonic, and Hypotonic. They are categorized by the concentration of electrolytes. Isotonic sports drinks contain similar concentrations of electrolytes as those found in the human body. Hypertonic sports drinks contain higher concentrations of electrolytes than what is found in the body. Hypotonic sport drinks contain a lower concentration of electrolytes than what is contained in the body. Fruit juices on the other hand typically have higher concentrations of electrolytes compared to the human body and would be considered a hypertonic beverage. An electrolyte is any substance that contains free ions that behaves as an electrically conductive medium (conducts electricity). There would be no life without these electrolytes. Our body’s electrolytes include sodium (Na), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), bicarbonate (HCO3), magnesium (Mg), chloride (Cl), and hydrogen carbonate (HCO3). Electrolytes also control many functions in your body. Such as regulating our nerves and muscle functions and our body’s hydration, blood pH, blood pressure and the rebuilding of damaged tissue. This is why athletes drink, sport drinks to keep their amount of electrolytes in there body up so they can compete at the highest level possible with no setbacks.
Our body’s muscles and neurons are thought by many as electric tissues in our body. These muscles and...
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