The world has evolved into a place where convenience is taken as a one of the major reasons why technology is at its peak in its continuous and countless innovations. These innovations are true manifestations that there is no room for being stationary and not disregard the need for continuous brilliant discoveries in order to offer fresh and up to date products and services that will be patronized by the consumers. Amidst this fascinating waves of new products and services to offer, a discovery that has been the most important source of these vivid ideas, has never been given much attention and is abused to its extent. This amazing discovery is what we call Electricity.
Electricity is the flow of electrical power or charge. It is both a basic part of nature and one of our most widely used forms of energy. It is actually a secondary energy source, also referred to as an energy carrier. That means that we get electricity from the conversion of other sources of energy, such as coal, nuclear, or solar energy. These are called primary sources. The energy sources we use to make electricity can be renewable or non-renewable, but electricity itself is neither renewable nor nonrenewable. (U.S. Energy Information Administration, 2010) As stated on an article published last February 23, 2013 which was written by Ronnel Domingo,” Philippines is considered as one of the third world countries where vast resources can be found and can be readily used as a source of energy yet problems are arising since the country lacks the latest technologies to do further research and develop facilities that would solve power shortage the country is facing. This is suffered severely in most parts of Visayas and Mindanao. Because of the lack of reserves that could supply the demand for all the consumers including micro-enterprises, a power curtailment has been the National Grid Corporation of the Philippines’ solution for the shortage. Power curtailment is a method of cutting off electrical power in certain areas following a schedule pattern. “ In Tacurong City there are numerous micro-businesses owned and ran by individuals, pursuing the definitive goal of building a business that has the ability to gain profit and in the midst of a tight competition between enterprises, another problem occurred which is the Power Curtailment. It is a clear indication that business establishments and firms have direct relationship within the behavior of the power source. Thus this study was designed to determine the Impact of the Power Curtailment on Micro-Enterprises in Tacurong City. Statement of the Problem
This study sought to determine the effects of power curtailment to the operations, monthly sales, frequency of customers, additional operational costs, growth and expansion, decline and closure to the existing Micro-enterprises in the locality. Specifically this paper will attempt to answer the following research problems: 1. What the profile of the existing micro enterprises in Tacurong City is in terms of: a.) Location
b.) Type of business and
c.) Services or product offered.
2. To what extent is the dependence of the micro enterprises on power supply with regards to their electric consumption for their operations? 3. What type of business requires more electric usage?
4. What are the advantages and disadvantages in using an electricity generator as a solution to a long-term problem? 5. What are the effects of power curtailment to the enterprise in terms of: a.) operations,
b.) monthly sales,
c.) frequency of customers,
d.) additional operational costs,
e.) growth and expansion,
f.) decline and
Significance of the Study
Power sources play a huge part in development as one of contributing factor for growth, it is important to be aware of the impacts of any hindrances to its availability like power curtailment. Conducting this research will be...