Electoral College Essay
The electoral college is the current system of voting used in the United States of America to elect the president. A body of electors chosen by the voters in each state to elect the President and vice President of the U.S. However, this system has its flaws. In 2000 the Bush vs Gore election truly showed the nation why the electoral college should be abolished and revised. The electoral college is organized by state. Each state gets a certain number of electors, the people who vote in the electoral college. A state’s number of electors equals its number of senators and representatives combined. Every state has two senators. “The number of representatives is based on the population of the state, though every state has at least one representative. In addition, the District of Columbia (Washington, D.C.) gets three electors.” (Britannica). The United States has two main political groups, or parties (the Democrats and the Republicans). Each political party chooses a candidate for president and a candidate for vice president. In each state, each party also chooses a group, or slate, of electors. The electors promise to vote for their party’s candidates. When citizens vote for the candidates of one party, they are actually choosing that party’s electors for their state. “In most states, the party that wins the most popular votes sends all its electors to vote in the electoral college. (Maine and Nebraska choose electors slightly differently.) The electors for every state then vote for their party’s candidates.” (Britannica). The candidates with the most electoral votes becomes president and vice president.
The electoral college has its contributions and flaws. There are several advantages to the electoral college. First, it forces candidates to campaign in more diverse states. With a popular vote election, candidates would only campaign in the few largest cities. In 2012, for example, candidates spent a lot of time and money on small swing states like Iowa, Wisconsin and Colorado. In a popular vote system, they'd never go there. When the citizens of the United States of America cast their vote, they are not directly voting for the president. There are two parties Democrat and Republican. From each state there are a group of electors for each party who we unintentionally vote for. If that party wins, most often vote for the party they represent. The purpose of this is that the founding fathers thought that the citizens of the United States of America were not educated enough to make the right decisions. Therefore electors who have increased knowledge of the acclamation are put into the position. Never the less, these advantages of the electoral college has its flaws. The electoral college showed to be defective in many ways. All of the advantages of the electoral college had counteracted their intended purpose. A perfect example of how the electoral college should be abolished is the 2000 presidential election between George Bush and Al Gore. In the election, Al Gore won the U.S popular vote and George Bush did not. But, Bush later went on to win the election due to the supreme courts decisions. Many Americans and politicians were furious. They questioned the information. If Gore won the popular vote, why didn’t he win the election?"He thinks [Bush v. Gore] is one of the Court's greatest blunders....There were many people in this country who felt that the Supreme Court stole that election for President Bush." (Scott Pelley). Besides Bush, two other U.S. presidents have been elected with fewer popular votes than their opponents. They were Rutherford B. Hayes in 1876 and Benjamin Harrison in 1888. As shown, the electoral college creates the possibility for the loser of the popular vote to win the electoral vote. The most recent occurrence was the 2000 election. “When George Bush won Florida the margin of victory triggered a mandatory recount. Litigation in select counties...
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