For more than two hundred years the Electoral College has served its purpose in electing United States Presidents. During this time, there have been a number of critics and proposed reforms to the Electoral College system, most of them wanting to do away with this system. Throughout this essay I will look at a number of issues revolving around the Electoral College; such as the advantages and disadvantages of the Electoral College system, who benefits from this system and who doesn’t. Finally, I will discuss some of the proposed reform options and also discuss my opinion on this controversial system. The Electoral College has been heavily scrutinized in the last decade particularly following the 2000 election Al Gore versus George W. Bush. Although Gore won the popular vote, Bush won the electoral vote thus landing him the 43th President of the United States. Following this controversial win, the 2004 election George W. Bush versus John Kerry had an opposite effect. George W. Bush won the popular vote by approximately three million votes; however, the race came down to one state, Ohio. All Kerry needed was 30,000 votes to win even though Bush was ahead by three million votes (Lawler, 2008).
Since 1787 the Electoral College has been utilized in selecting the President of the United States. The fact that this system of selecting presidents has been working for centuries; with only a few mishaps, is a testament of the genius of the founding fathers. Many supporters of the Electoral College system defend it because it has many advantages such as; the Electoral College “contributes to the cohesiveness of the country by requiring a distribution of popular support to be elected president, enhances the status of minority interest, contributes to the political stability of the nation by encouraging a two-party system, and maintains a federal system of government and representation” (Kimberling , 2008). The Electoral College system has its disadvantages as well. Many...
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