The President of India is elected by an electoral college consisting of: •elected members of the two Houses of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of the States - Article 54 •It includes the national capital territory of Delhi and the Union territory of Pondicherry •The President’s election is held in accordance with a system of proportional representation by means of a single transferable vote •there shall be uniformity in the scale of representation of the different states at the election of the President - Article 55 Eligibility
Conditions as per Article 58
•The candidate should be a Indian citizen.
•Should have completed the age of thirty-five (35) years. •Should be qualified for election as a member of the Lok Sabha. •Should not hold any office of profit under the Union Government or any state government or any local or other authority Condition as per Article 59
•The President should not be a member of any house of Union or State legislature. Presidents’ Term of Office
•The oath of office to the President is administered by the Chief Justice of India and in his absence, by the senior most judge of the Supreme Court available. •An election should be held to fill the vacancy of Presidential post before the expiration of President’s term - Article 62(1) •The President holds office for a five year term from the date on which he enters the office. •President can resign at any time by addressing the resignation letter to the Vice-President of India. •When a vacancy occurs in the Presidents office due to his death, resignation or removal or otherwise, the Vice-president acts as the President until a new President is elected. •An election to fill such vacancy should be held within six months from the date of occurrence of such vacancy. •A person is eligible for re-election to Presidential office. Presidents Impeachment
•President may be impeached from his office for violation of the Constitution - Article 61 •The impeachment charges may be initiated by either Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha and it should be signed by at least 1/4th members. •Regarding the charges a 14 days’ notice should be given. •The resolution of the charges for impeachment of the President should be passed by at least 2/3rd majority •Afterwards the charges are investigated in the other House of the Parliament. If the resolution is passed in this House also with a of 2/3rd majority, then the President stands removed from his office from the date on which the bill is so passed. The Powers and Functions of the President
Executive Powers - Article 53
All executive powers of the Union are vested in him. These powers are exercised by him either directly or through subordinate officers in accordance with the Constitution. The Supreme Command of the Defence Force is vested on the President and the exercises it in accordance with law. •Executive powers of the President must be exercised in accordance with the Constitution. In particular it includes the provisions of article 14 (equality before law) •President appoints the Prime Minister and other ministers; and they hold office during his pleasure. •He appoints the Attorney General of India, Comptroller and Auditor General of India, the Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners, the Chairman and Members of the UPSC, the Governors of the states, the Chairman and the members of the Finance Commissions etc. •The President can appoint a commission to investigate into the conditions of SCs, STs and OBCs. •The President also receives the credentials of Ambassadors and High Commissioners from other countries. •The President is the Commander in Chief of the Indian Armed Forces. •The President of India can grant a pardon to or reduce the sentence of a convicted person for one time, particularly in cases involving punishment of death. The Legislative Powers
•The President can summon or end a session of the Parliament and dissolve the Lok...