Election Iin Pakistan

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  • Topic: Benazir Bhutto, Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif
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ELECTIONS, DEMOCRACY AND STABILITY IN PAKISTAN
Asia Report N°137 – 31 July 2007

TABLE OF CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS................................................. i I.
II.

INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................... 1 MILITARY INTERVENTIONS................................................................................... 2 A.

B.

DEMOCRATIC TRANSITION AND MILITARY INTRUSION..........................................................3 CONSTITUTIONAL MANIPULATIONS AND ELECTORAL MANOEUVRES ....................................4

III. ELECTORAL OPTIONS .............................................................................................. 5 A.

B.
C.

PRESIDENTIAL VERSUS PARLIAMENTARY POLLS ...................................................................5 1.
Electoral timetable .....................................................................................................5 2.
In search of shortcuts .................................................................................................6 3.
Dual hat......................................................................................................................6 4.
Electoral challenges ...................................................................................................7 SEEKING ACCOMMODATION .................................................................................................8 PROCLAIMING EMERGENCY ..................................................................................................9 1.

Judicial crisis .............................................................................................................9 2.
Imposing emergency rule.........................................................................................12

IV. PREPARING FOR ELECTIONS............................................................................... 13 A.

B.

C.

V.

CRITERIA FOR FREEDOM AND FAIRNESS..............................................................................13 1.
Caretaker administration..........................................................................................14 2.
Local government ....................................................................................................14 ELECTORAL MACHINERY ....................................................................................................14 1.

Election Commission of Pakistan and Chief Election Commissioner.....................14 2.
Electoral rolls...........................................................................................................15 3.
By-elections .............................................................................................................16 SECURITY AGENCIES AND CIVIL ADMINISTRATION .............................................................17

RIGGED ELECTIONS................................................................................................ 18 A.
B.

DOMESTIC STABILITY AND REGIONAL SECURITY IMPLICATIONS .........................................18 THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY .....................................................................................20

VI. CONCLUSION ............................................................................................................. 23 APPENDICES
A.

MAP OF PAKISTAN ..............................................................................................................24

B.

GLOSSARY OF ACRONYMS ..................................................................................................25

C.

ABOUT THE INTERNATIONAL CRISIS GROUP .......................................................................26

D.

INTERNATIONAL CRISIS GROUP REPORTS AND BRIEFINGS ON ASIA ....................................27

E.

INTERNATIONAL CRISIS GROUP BOARD OF...
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