El Filibusterismo

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The book deals with the return of Noli Me Tangere's main character, Crisostomo Ibarra, under the guise of a wealthy jeweler named Simoun. Disillusioned by the abuses of the Spanish, Ibarra abandons his identity as a pacifist in order to return to the Philippines and start a violent revolution. Implicated in these matters, Simoun commits suicide by taking poison, and finds a final resting place with a priest, Father Florentino, who hears his last confession and assures him that not all hope is lost. The priest, upon Simoun's death, commends the jewels into the sea, remarking that the jewels, once used to bribe and corrupt people, would hopefully be found one day to be used for a meaningful purpose.

Scholars and historians interpret the novel as being representative of Rizal's struggle to reconcile his faltering hope for a peaceful reclamation of independence with his belief in nonviolent struggle. The style and content are said to sound closer to a dialogue between two opposing sides, rather than to a free-flowing narrative. Many agree that Simoun's death and Father Florentino's lamentations ultimately reaffirm Rizal's conviction that freedom could be achieved without the need for armed struggle. Padre Florentino corrects Simoun, telling him that freedom cannot be won by violence and the shedding of innocent blood but by proper education, hard work, and long-suffering.

Both the last chapter of the Noli and the last chapter of the El Fili are untitled.

Why did Simoun go to Padre Florentino?
-Simoun felt that the priest was the one who could understand him more than anyone else.

Makikita din ang pagpapahalaga ni Rizal sa edukasyon sa kanyang dalawang nobelang Noli Me Tangere at El Filibusterismo. Sa Noli Me Tangere, ang karakter ni Ibarra ay nakipag-usap sa isang guro ng San Diego ukol sa mga pangangailangan ng paaralan. Sa El Filibusterismo ay naroon sina Isagani, Makaraig, Sandoval at Placido Penitente na humiling ng mas malayang probisyon at...
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