Life, Policies and Accomplishments
Life, Policies and Accomplishments
Harry S. Truman was born on May 8, 1884 in Lamar, Missouri. His parents were John Anderson Truman and Martha Ellen Young Truman. He also grew up in a poor family. He only had one brother and one sister. Since he was young, he liked history, government and reading. He went to school but when he was at college he decided to stop attending to it because he had to help to get money for his family. At the age of 35, he married Elizabeth Bess Virginia Wallace and they had a daughter called Margaret Truman. Truman worked at his father’s farm until he joined the military to participate in World War I. He was a member of the National Guard, so he was a commander of a Field Artillery unit in France. When he returned, he opened a hat shop which actually didn’t have any success. He then became the head judge of the county of Jackson, Missouri. After that, he served as a Democratic Senator of Missouri. Finally, in 1945 he became vice president. Truman became president after Franklin Roosevelt’s death. He won the elections of 1948, with 49% of the popular votes. At first, people didn’t really trust him but they then began to accept him. After his first term, he decided to retire from his position but he still remained active in supporting Democratic candidates for the presidency. He died from Pneumonia on December 26, 1972.
Dwight David Ike Eisenhower was born on October 14, 1890 in Denison, Texas. His parents were David Jacob Eisenhower and Ida Elizabeth Stover. He grew up in a poor family of 8 members including him. Since he was young he had had worked to get money for his studies and for his family. He still went to local public schools and high schools. When was going to enter to college, he decided to join the military to be able to get a free college education. He was commissioned a second lieutenant and then he began to attend to the Army War College. In 1916, Eisenhower met Mamie Geneva Doud and he proposed to her on Valentine’s Day of that year. They had two children, one of them died of scarlet fever at the age of three. Their other son was called John Sheldon Doud Eisenhower. During World War I, Eisenhower was training to be the commander and instructor of a training center for other soldiers. When World War II started, he became a chief and then a major general. Later, he became the commander of allied forces. With all his performance in his military career, he was made a five-star general. Eisenhower was elected to run on the Republican ticket with Richard Nixon as his Vice President against Adlai Stevenson. 55% of people voted for “Ike”, Eisenhower’s nickname, which made him to won the elections. After he retired after his second term, he moved to Gettysburg to take care of his health and to write his autobiography. He died from a congestive heart failure on March 28, 1969.
The Truman Doctrine was a foreign policy of the United States that tried to give assistance to any country who was threatened by communism. The initial movement of the Truman Doctrine was to give $400 million to assist Greece and Turkey. The money was given to them to have military aid and economic assistance. Truman stated:
“It must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.” Speech to Congress, March 12, 1947, laying out what became the Truman Doctrine The Fair Deal was a domestic program made by Harry Truman. The Fair Deal, guaranteed economic opportunities and social stability. His first priority was to make a time of peace on the economy of United States. That is why he created a 21-point program that provided protection against unfair employment practices, a higher minimum wage, a greater housing assistance and unemployment compensation. And also he added health insurance to his...