Topics: Eid ul-Fitr, Ramadan, Islam Pages: 23 (7128 words) Published: October 26, 2010
Eid ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر ‘Īdu l-Fiṭr‎), often abbreviated to Eid, is a three-day Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm). Eid is an Arabic word meaning "festivity", while Fiṭr means "conclusion of the fast"; and so the holiday celebrates the conclusion of the thirty days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan. The first day of Eid, therefore, falls on the first day of the month Shawwal.

Eid-ul-Fitr Salat (Namaz in Urdu/Persian) is a Wajib (strongly recommended, just short of obligatory) or mandoob (preferable) – depending on which juristic opinion is followed – Islamic prayer consisting of two raka'ah (units)[1] which is generally offered in an open field or large hall called an Eed-gah. This salaat or prayer, can only be performed with Jama’at (i.e., in congregation) and has an additional extra six Takbirs (raising of the hands to the ears while saying Allahu Akbar (God is Great), three of them in the beginning of the first raka'ah and three of them just before ruku' in the second raka'ah in the Hanafi school.[2] Eid ul-Fitr is sometimes also known as the "Smaller Eid" (Arabic: العيد الصغير al-‘īdu ṣ-ṣaghīr‎) as compared to the Eid al-Adha, which lasts four days following the Hajj and is casually referred to as the "Greater Eid" (Arabic: العيد الكبير al-‘īdu l-kabīr‎). Although in Southeast Asian countries, Eid-ul-Fitr is considered "greater" than Eid al-Adha and is the most important feast for Muslims there. Muslims are commanded by God in the Qur'an to complete their fast on the last day of Ramadan.[3]

Contents [hide]
1 History
2 General rituals
3 Islamic tradition
4 Practices by country
4.1 Saudi Arabia
4.2 Turkey
4.3 Egypt
4.4 Afghanistan
4.5 South Asia
4.6 Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, and Brunei
4.7 Burma/Myanmar
4.8 Philippines
4.9 United States of America (USA)
4.10 Canada
4.11 United Kingdom
4.12 People's Republic of China
4.13 Africa
4.13.1 Tunisia
4.13.2 South Africa
4.13.3 Nigeria
4.14 South Pacific
4.14.1 Fiji
5 In the Gregorian calendar
6 Past and future celebrations
7 See also
8 Notes
9 References
10 External links

[edit] History
According to the Islamic tradition, it was in the year 610 A.D. that Prophet Muhammad, while meditating in Mount Hira one night during the month of Ramadan, had a vision of the angel Jibril (also known as Gabriel) appearing before him telling his name to Muhammad and declaring to the latter that he was the messenger of God. Jibril said to him : "Iqraa" (meaning "read" or "recite").

To this Muhammad replied that he could not read.

Jibril embraced Muhammad and after releasing him repeated: "Iqraa."

"I cannot read." Muhammad answered again.

Jibril hugged Muhammad for a third time and asked him to recite what he said. He told him:

"Recite in the name of your Lord Who creates. Creates man from a clot. Recite: And your Lord is the Most Bountiful Who teaches by the pen, He teaches man what he does not know."

Though the angel informed him that he was the messenger of Allah and was going to be a prophet for his people, Muhammad was greatly disturbed at his meeting with Jibril. It is believed that he at first considered the angel as an evil spirit. It was his wife Khadijah who allayed his fears reminding him of his good conduct until then and that it was impossible for him to be visited by a demon. Even her much learned old cousin Waraqa ibn Nawfal convinced him that he was indeed a messenger of God and the angel who visited Muhammad was the one who had also visited the Hebrew prophet Moses.

Muhammad was of forty years of age at this time.

In the following twenty-three years, Muhammad was visited many times by Jibril who taught him the holy knowledge in verses. This sacred knowledge consists of the code of conduct that Allah wants his people to maintain on earth. It is inscribed in verses which are compiled in the holy Qur'an, the most sacred book in...
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