1 NAME AND ADDRESS OF THE INSTITUTION PREPARING THE REPORT
1.1 Project proponent
Himal Hydro pvt. ltd is the proponent of the Sunkoshi Hydropower Project (SHP). It is the hydropower plant which is being made for the complete usage of the water of the irrigation plant to fulfill the deficit of bagmati irrigation project. This hydropower plant is intended to build near khurkot. The detail of the proponent and their contact address is given below: Sunkoshi hydro power
1.2 Organization responsible for preparing the report
CAI Engineering consultancy Pvt.LTD a known name in the field of engineering sector , as a consultant has undertaken the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of sunkoshi hydropower plant. It renders services in many areas such as hydropower, tunnel, irrigation, environment, road, bridge, building and other various fields of civil engineering considering design, supervision, planning and so on. Since its inception, the firm was primarily involved in the design of the bridges and building, but now it has gain a lot experience in the field of hydropower feasibility study and planning. This company has performed a lot of environmental impact assessment of various construction works. Today, CAI is recognized as a leading consulting organization in Nepal and is able to provide consulting services in multi-disciplinary projects. The detail address of the consultants is given below:
CAI engineering consultancy Pvt.LTD.
Email address: www.cai.info
2 GENERAL INTRODUCTION OF THE PROJECT
Nepal’s theoretical hydroelectric potential is billed at 83,000 MW and an established inventory of feasible sites total about one third of the above figure (MoWR 1981). A whole generation in Nepal has been consumed by this seductive dream of hydro potential that the cascading water of this land is supposed to hold and the hydro-dollar bonanza it is supposed to get after exporting to India. The chimera endured for almost 40 years, but is now showing signs of turning into a cruel nightmare of recurring load shedding and backbreaking electricity price hikes .However, to date, Nepal has managed to develop only about 688 MW1 of hydropower. In retrospect, Nepal’s failure to develop hydropower seems to follow from being mesmerized with the physics of falling water while ignoring the social institutions that must harness and harvest the natural bounty. In 2049 BS, the Government of Nepal (GoN) introduced the Hydropower Development Policy, along with the endorsement of the Water Resources Act, 1993, the Electricity Act, 1992 and the Electricity Regulation, 1993, which paved the way for private sectors in developing hydroelectric projects in Nepal. The objective behind such a move by the government is to rationally maximize harvesting of the water resource for electricity production.
2.2 General introduction of the project
The sunkoshi hydropower project is a huge project which is intended to build for the proper usage of the water that is discharged into the marine khola from sunkoshi river through a tunnel of about 7 kms long. The bagmati irrigation project requires a certain minimum discharge which cannot be fulfilled by the water of bagmati itself. So to overcome the amount of deficit water in the bagmati river, the sunkoshi plant is planned. About 84 cumecs of water is discharged through sunkoshi river into the marine khola and ultimately to the bagmati river. So it is decided to built a hydropower plant from the water needed for the irrigation project, in which surveying and field investigation along with the feasibility and pre-feasibility studies are going on. The catchment area of the SunKosi basin is about 19,000 sq. km. The SunKosi River originates in the mountain range east of Barhabise called Kalinchowk, and flows in a westerly direction with steep river gradients of 1:10 to meet the BhoteKosi at Barhabise. The...
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